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Causes of Gender Gap in India UPSC NOTE


1. Economic Participation and Opportunity:

  • India ranks low in providing equal access and opportunities for men and women in economic participation.

  • While there are improvements in wage and income parity, the representation of women in senior positions and technical roles has declined.

2. Educational Attainment:

  • India has performed well in education, but equal access to education for girls is crucial.

  • Providing girls with job-assured education can improve overall development indices, including nutrition, and break the cycle of early marriage and poor maternal and child health.

3. Health and Survival:

  • Although there has been improvement in the sex ratio at birth, India's performance in health and survival indicators is a concern.

  • Ensuring access to education and paid work for girls can positively impact their health and well-being.

Steps to be Taken

1. Political Empowerment:

  • Increase the representation of women in parliament and state assemblies.

  • Urgently pass the long-pending Women's Reservation Bill, which proposes to reserve 33% of seats for women.

2. Economic Empowerment:

  • Provide equal opportunities and access to economic participation for men and women.

  • Address the drop in women's representation in senior positions and technical roles.

3. Education and Employment:

  • Ensure equal access to education for girls and promote job-assured education.

  • Encourage and create opportunities for women to enter the workforce.

  • Address cultural and patriarchal norms that impede women's progress and safety.

4. Health and Well-being:

  • Focus on improving the overall health and survival indicators for women, including access to healthcare services.

  • Address the unpaid domestic work burden on women, which limits their 

5. Gender Equality Efforts:

  • Continue efforts to bridge the gender gap in India, despite the setbacks caused by the pandemic.

  • Work towards achieving gender equality by 2030, aligning with the Sustainable Development Goals.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Causes of Gender Gap in India UPSC NOTE
Causes of Gender Gap in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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