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Challenges Faced By Religious Minorities In Pakistan UPSC NOTE

 Violent Backlash and Allegations of Blasphemy:

  • Mob violence erupted in Jaranwala, Faisalabad, Pakistan, driven by allegations of blasphemy.

  • Blasphemy refers to the act of showing disrespect or irreverence towards religious beliefs, deities, sacred texts, symbols, or practices.

  • The incident included the burning of churches, attacks on Christian homes, and vandalism of the local assistant commissioner’s office.

  • The incident highlights Pakistan's failure to protect its minorities and marginalized groups.

Role of Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP):

  • The involvement of Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) escalated tensions with public statements.

  • The mob targeted the home of Christian brothers accused of blasphemy, triggering a series of violent events.

  • Christian leaders criticized the police for inaction while families sought help.

Response and Repercussions:

  • Senior administrative and police officials intervened, and additional security forces were deployed.

    • A first information report was filed against the Christian suspects.

    • Police conduct during the incident was criticized for perceived discrimination.

    Lack of Evidence in Blasphemy Cases:

    • Pakistan tends to disregard the need for evidence when dealing with blasphemy allegations.

    • This approach leads to acts of vigilante justice, undermining due process.

    Resurgence of Terrorism and Aggression:

    • The resurgence of terrorist activities followed the Taliban's takeover in Afghanistan.

  • Terrorist attacks, particularly against minorities, increased after the Pakistani Taliban ended a ceasefire with Islamabad.

  • The revival of terrorism further intensified the aggression against Pakistan's minorities.

Decline of Minority Representation:

  • Minority representation in Pakistan's major cities has dwindled from around 15% to less than 4%.

  • Christians are a minority in this predominantly Sunni Muslim nation.

  • Accusations of blasphemy have resulted in court judgments and violence against minority groups, including Christians.

  • Blasphemy Laws and Injustice:

    • Blasphemy laws in Pakistan have been used to target religious minorities.

    • Ambiguous clauses in Pakistan's Penal Code classify insults to religion as criminal offenses.

    • The enforcement of blasphemy laws has led to unjust prosecutions and communal aggression.

    Systematic Discrimination and Persecution:

    • Pakistan subjects Christians to systematic and institutional persecution more than any other country.

    • Blasphemy laws are manipulated to settle scores and intimidate minority groups.

Challenges to Democracy:

  • Pakistan's democratic state is tested by its ability to safeguard minority rights.

  • The country must navigate challenges posed by deep state influence, civil society complexities, and state machinery.


  • The manipulation of blasphemy laws challenges Pakistan's democratic structure and raises concerns about violence under the guise of religion.

  • The country's response to these challenges will define its commitment to minority rights and democratic values.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Challenges Faced By Religious Minorities In Pakistan UPSC NOTE
Challenges Faced By Religious Minorities In Pakistan UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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