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U.K. Offshore Drilling and Climate Concerns UPSC NOTE

 


Recent Development:

  • U.K. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak supports new fossil fuel drilling off Britain’s coast for energy independence.

  • North Sea Transition Authority (NTSA) to award over 100 new licences, starting in autumn.

  • Concerns arise over environmental impact and climate change amid global efforts.


History of North Sea Drilling:

  • 1958 Geneva Convention on the Continental Shelf established countries' rights over continental shelves, including North Sea.

A continental shelf is a portion of a continent that is submerged under an area of relatively shallow water, known as a shelf sea

  • U.K.'s Continental Shelf Act in 1964 followed the convention, granting jurisdiction over oil and gas resources near its coast.

  • British Petroleum (BP) received the first exploration licence in 1964, leading to discoveries in North Sea.

  • Production peaked in 1999, declined significantly by 2022.

Issues with Offshore Drilling:

  • Offshore drilling poses risks to workers, marine life, and waters, as stated by Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC).

  • Worsens climate change, warms oceans, raises sea levels, threatens marine biodiversity.

  • Carbon pollution leads to acidic waters, harming coral reefs, shellfish, and marine ecosystems.

Climate Commitments and Concerns:

  • U.K.'s Climate Change Committee (CCC) criticized inadequate climate change preparation in the second National Adaptation Programme.

  • U.K.'s climate action not fully consistent with the Paris Agreement according to the Climate Action Tracker.

  • Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and long-term targets fall short of global effort to combat climate change.

  • Licensing new oil and gas extraction plans conflicts with the 1.5°C temperature rise limit.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: U.K. Offshore Drilling and Climate Concerns UPSC NOTE
U.K. Offshore Drilling and Climate Concerns UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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