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Chandrayaan-3 UPSC NOTE



  • India’s third moon exploration mission.

  • Slated for a mid-July launch — LVM3 (formerly GSLV Mk-III) rocket from Sriharikota.

  • The ISRO plans to retain the names of the Chandrayaan-2 lander and rover for their Chandrayaan-3 equivalents as well.

  • Safe landing – through the lander Vikram - (named after Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian space programme) 

  • Roving — through the rover Pragyan on the lunar surface.

  • Unlike Chandrayaan-2, it will not have an orbiter and its propulsion module will behave like a communications relay satellite.

  • Chandrayaan-3 interplanetary mission has three major modules: the Propulsion module, Lander module, and Rover.


  • The lander will have four payloads — 

    • Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive Ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA)

    • Chandra’s Surface Thermo physical Experiment (ChaSTE).

  • The lander will have four payloads — 

    • Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) 

    • LASER Retroreflector Array (LRA).

  • The six-wheeled rover will have two payloads

    • Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS)

    • LASER Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS).

  • One payload on the propulsion module, the Spectro-polarimetry of HAbitable Planet Earth (SHAPE).


  • A propulsion module will carry the lander-rover configuration to a 100-km lunar orbit. 

  • Once the Vikram lander module makes it safely to the moon, it will deploy Pragyan.

  • Pragyan will carry out in-situ chemical analysis of the lunar surface during the course of its mobility.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Chandrayaan-3 UPSC NOTE
Chandrayaan-3 UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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