False
Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


China's Worldview UPSC NOTE

 


China's Worldview

  • According to Chinese leaders,‘changes unseen in a Century’, implying that the decline of the West-promoted ‘rules based order’ is inevitable, and that a new Chinese-promoted world order is set to prevail. 

  • It also Implicit that a Chinese-driven world is better suited to a world defined by disorder, asymmetry and fragmentation.

  • ‘Changes unseen in a Century’ is one of the underlying principles of ‘Xi Jinping Thought’. 

  • This presupposes that the struggle for future dominance revolves around not merely military security but also technological, cultural, as also biological aspects.

  • China’s rise, accelerated by technology and shaped by its economic strength and demographic potential, its success is inevitable.

Challenges

U.S. as the main threat:

  • The current crop of Chinese leaders believes that the main threat comes from the United States. 

  • They hew to the view that growing polarisation within U.S. society and loss of power across the globe were impacting U.S. attitudes, causing tensions between the U.S. and China. 

  • In turn, it had led to a marked shift in U.S. attitudes; from an earlier policy of ‘engagement and partial containment’ to one of all-out competition with China, for global influence.

  • The war in Ukraine, talk of an increasing divide between democracies and autocracies.

  • The forging of new security partnerships such as the AUKUS (Australia, the United Kingdom and the U.S.) and the Quad ( Australia, India, Japan and the U.S.) were all symptoms of this malaise. 

  • China also had increased concerns that the Ukraine war could lead the U.S. to be more assertive on Taiwan. 

Measures and Strategies

To counter U.S. threat:

  • Beijing’s riposte has been to enlarge its Global Security Initiative and further expand the China-led Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

  • Chinese scholars further believe that the world has currently entered an era of ‘Polycentric Competition and Cooperation’. 

  • According to China, the U.S. was unprepared, however, for a shift of this nature, and already the consequences could be seen, as for instance, in West Asia. 

  • Here, as in many areas of U.S. dominance previously, China was displacing the U.S. 

  • The Iran-Saudi Arabia truce brought about at China’s initiative was an indication that U.S. influence here was on the wane and that China was gaining in strength in the regional and global sweepstakes.

  • China’s influence, in the meantime, had grown, according to Chinese sources, in quite a few international organisations such as the World Health Organization. 

  • It had also succeeded in binding as many countries as possible to Chinese systems, norms and standards. 

  • Another set of claims is that China had succeeded in having a decisive voice in various international standards setting bodies.

  • Consequently, Chinese standards had become the staple for many countries and, together with its model of subsidised state capital, China was set to emerge triumphant.

Challenges

China’s economic capability:

  • The issue before China is as much as how China can possibly reproduce the mind-boggling growth of the first two decades of the current century — 

    • an over 800% increase in overall trade volume, an unimaginable increase in GDP. 

    • and the lifting of nearly 800 million Chinese people out of poverty. 

  • Policy prescriptions needed to maintain this kind of impetus and tempo of growth, are nowhere in evidence today.

  • In marked contrast, Beijing’s current economic prescriptions have led to serious reverses in recent years. 

  • Many of these policies stem from Mr. Xi’s efforts to provide safeguards for his more orthodox version of Communist philosophy as distinguished from a market-oriented policy, accompanied by a determination to increase governmental control in the economic realm, restrict private enterprise, and achieve greater rule by decree.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic which necessitated adoption of certain draconian measures.

  • Including an unprecedented three-year lockdown, has been responsible for a severe economic setback, apart from hardship for its people. 

  • Several laws enacted by Beijing to contain the pandemic have again adversely impacted the image of China in the eyes of the world. 

  • Many multinational companies have, hence, preferred to leave China, being uncertain of what the future holds. 

  • Beijing’s crackdown on major technology companies and the real-estate sector added to the concerns of investors.

  • China’s current GDP growth has declined to around 3%, while China will need to more than double this figure to ensure healthy growth.

  • Employment risks have increased and lack of employment among youth is a grave concern. 

  • An ageing population adds to these concerns.

Measures and Strategies

To overcome economic issues:

  • Evidently, major shifts and changes in both approach and policies are called for, including a new economic model and an undertaking to raise wages and pursue other economic and structural reforms. 

  • China might need to come up with an alternative theory of modernity, reducing the role of the state in promoting innovation so as to bolster the economy, if at all it hopes to beat the West’s free market concepts and beliefs.

  • Beijing’s decision to appoint an acknowledged economist with a proven record as Governor of the Peoples’ Bank of China, can be expected to boost global confidence in China’s banking sector.

  • The new Chinese Premier, Li Qiang, is again apparently making serious efforts to reinvigorate the private sector.

Challenges

On Taiwan:

  • Notwithstanding current tensions and despite sabre-rattling by both sides, it would seem that a major conflict on the lines of the Ukraine conflict — one that could impact both the fortunes of China and much of the world in the Asia-Pacific region — is not yet on the anvil. 

  • Any such conflict would have a severe and deleterious impact on the global economy.

  • Notwithstanding this, neither the U.S. nor China can possibly step back from the issue of Taiwan.

  • Strategic commentators believe that Taiwan is only one of several areas where China and the U.S. will find themselves in conflict in the coming period. 

  • Finding common ground at this time would be important to ensure that matters do not go out of control.

COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,193,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,191,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,68,GS3,26,GST,1,History,11,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,173,Indian History,10,Indian Polity,202,International Organisation,12,International Relations,143,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,July 2024,230,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,324,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,135,Science and Technology,95,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: China's Worldview UPSC NOTE
China's Worldview UPSC NOTE
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/I2jYQijxj5xoM176ZmevSMnxlRqK0GX4qMjfhh3-pKy_fytX0mhL425YNVs_VD1UGSySqjIUJ-1yROQ2RuyqHZ6iN307hBgvhxivP3BwRqTzg31X-fNQ3m0IRelJjEiMpatHp1x_B9juQBjxVGhmYM4
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/I2jYQijxj5xoM176ZmevSMnxlRqK0GX4qMjfhh3-pKy_fytX0mhL425YNVs_VD1UGSySqjIUJ-1yROQ2RuyqHZ6iN307hBgvhxivP3BwRqTzg31X-fNQ3m0IRelJjEiMpatHp1x_B9juQBjxVGhmYM4=s72-c
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/chinas-worldview-upsc-note.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/chinas-worldview-upsc-note.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content