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Chinkara UPSC NOTE



  • The chinkara (Gazella bennettii), also known as the Indian gazelle, is a gazelle species native to Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.

  • It has a reddish-buff summer coat with smooth, glossy fur. In winter, the white belly and throat fur is in greater contrast.

  • Its horns reach over 39 cm.

  • State animal of Rajasthan.

Distribution and habitat:

  • Chinkara live in arid plains and hills, deserts, dry scrub and light forests. 

  • They inhabit more than 80 protected areas in India. 



  • Chinkaras are shy and avoid human habitation.

  • They can go without water for long periods and can get sufficient fluids from plants and dew droplets that get deposited on the plant surface in the night.


  • In 2001, populations were estimated at over one million in the country, of which nearly 80,000 occur in the Thar desert, with a stable population trend. 

  • Least concern on the IUCN Red List

Why it is in news

  • In a first-of-its-kind judgment, a Sessions Court in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan has ordered the payment of half of the fine amount, imposed on a convict in a chinkara killing case, to the informer as a prize for helping in the detection of crime against wildlife. 

  • The court said it would make the society sensitive to wildlife protection.

  • Section 55(c) of the Wildlife Protection Act empowered the court to take cognisance of an offence on the complaint of a private person.

  • Article 51A (g) of the Constitution had laid down that the protection of wildlife and having compassion for living creatures was a fundamental duty of the citizens.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Chinkara UPSC NOTE
Chinkara UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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