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Clean Cooking Strategy In India UPSC NOTE

 


  • Clean cooking refers to the use of modern, efficient, and environmentally friendly technologies and fuels for cooking, especially in households and communities. 

  • The aim of clean cooking is to replace traditional and often harmful cooking methods, such as using solid fuels like wood, coal, or biomass, with cleaner and more sustainable alternatives.

  • Over the last 15 years, the Government of India has aimed to replicate the success of LPG adoption in urban households in poorer and rural households.

  • The Grameen Vitrak Yojana launched in 2009 increased the rural distributor base of LPG from 18% to 60% of the total distributor base.

  • The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) provided over 9.5 crore new households with LPG connections since 2016, achieving near-universal coverage of LPG.

  • For the first time in FY23, LPG consumption in Indian households saw an absolute reduction of 0.5% compared to FY22.

  • The challenge now is to explore other options beyond subsidizing LPG to further improve adoption in rural areas.

  • A CEEW survey showed that the share of Indian households using LPG as the primary cooking fuel increased from 33% in 2011 to 71% in 2020.

  • Global events, including the COVID-19 pandemic and volatility in crude and product prices, have impacted the prospect of universal use of LPG in Indian households.

  • Efforts have been made to promote LPG consumption, but issues with home delivery and distribution channels persist.

  • India's dependence on imported LPG has increased to over 64% in FY23, and domestic budget reliance on petroleum taxation makes it difficult to sustain LPG subsidies.

  • To address the challenge, India's clean cooking policy must pivot towards adopting a suite of clean-cooking technologies beyond LPG-only strategy.

  • Electric cooking, including induction cook-tops, can be a viable alternative to flame-based cooking, especially in rural households with access to electricity.

  • Transitioning to electric cooking may require support and incentives to encourage adoption, including investment in domestic manufacturing for e-cooking technologies.

  • The debate should shift from LPG subsidy alone to financing and business models that value India's clean cooking transition for its climate and clean air benefits.

  • The adoption of diverse clean-cooking technologies can help reduce dependence on imported LPG, promote clean air, and contribute to climate mitigation efforts.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Clean Cooking Strategy In India UPSC NOTE
Clean Cooking Strategy In India UPSC NOTE
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