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Cluster Munitions UPSC NOTE

 


What are cluster munitions?

  • A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weapon that releases or ejects smaller submunitions.

  • Commonly, this is a cluster bomb that ejects explosive bomblets that are designed to kill personnel and destroy vehicles. 

  • Other cluster munitions are designed to destroy runways or electric power transmission lines.

  • Because cluster bombs release many small bomblets over a wide area, they pose risks to civilians both during attacks and afterwards.

  • Unexploded bomblets can kill or maim civilians and/or unintended targets long after a conflict has ended, and are costly to locate and remove.

  • This failure rate ranges from 2 percent to 40 percent or more.

Why it is banned by many countries?

  • The weapons, which disperse up to several hundred small explosive charges that can remain unexploded in the ground, are banned by many countries because of the long-term risks they pose to civilians.

  • Cluster munitions are prohibited for those nations that ratified the Convention on Cluster Munitions, adopted in Dublin, Ireland, in May 2008. 

  • The Convention entered into force and became binding international law upon ratifying states on 1 August 2010, six months after being ratified by 30 states.

  • As of 10 February 2022, a total of 123 states have joined the Convention, as 110 states parties and 13 signatories.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Cluster Munitions UPSC NOTE
Cluster Munitions UPSC NOTE
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