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Fertilizer Availability UPSC NOTE

 


Findings and recommendations of the Standing Committee on Chemicals and Fertilizers

  • The Standing Committee of Parliament on Chemicals and Fertilizers, has posed questions on the availability of fertilizers and a subsidy policy.

  • The reports have also called for ending the import dependence on fertilizers such as 

    • Urea, diammonium phosphate (DAP), muriate of potash (MOP), and nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK). 

  • The production of these fertilizers up to November 2022 was 281.83 lakh tonnes but the consumption was 401.46 lt.

  • Thus, there was a deficit of 119.63 lt for all types of fertilizers in the country, which is worrisome.

  • The panel asked the Department of Fertilizers to ascertain the reasons for a shortage of fertilizers being reported in some of the States and ensure availability of fertilizers in every State by taking corrective steps.

  • The panel sought the review of a nutrient-based subsidy (NBS) that covers fertilizers such as P&K fertilizers. 

  • Urea is left out of the scheme and hence it remains under price control whereas technically there is no price control in other fertilisers.

  • Recommending the Centre to review the present NBS policy to remove the disincentives for farmers to use other fertilizers.

  • The committee noted that GST for fertilizers is at 5% and GST on raw materials such as sulphuric acid and ammonia are at 18%. 

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Fertilizer Availability UPSC NOTE
Fertilizer Availability UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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