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Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee UPSC NOTE

 Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC)

  • Statutory committee constituted under the “Rules for the Manufacture, Use/Import/Export and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms/ Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells (Rules, 1989)” 

  • Framed under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

  • It was formed as the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee and was renamed to its current name in 2010.

  • It functions under the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change.

  • The body regulates the use, manufacture, storage, import and export of hazardous microorganisms or genetically-engineered organisms and cells in India.

GEAC Functions

  • The GEAC is the apex biotech regulatory body in India.

  • It is responsible for the appraisal of activities that involve the large scale use of hazardous microbes and recombinants in research and industrial production from the point of view of the environment.

  • The GEAC also assesses proposals regarding the release of genetically engineered products and organisms into the environment, and this includes experimental field trials as well.

  • The body also looks into proposals regarding the use of living modified organism that comes in the risk category III and above in the import/manufacture of recombinant pharma products, or where the end-product of the recombinant pharma product is a modified living organism.

  • The Committee has the power to take punitive action against people/body under the Environment (Protection) Act.

  • The approval of the GEAC is mandatory before genetically modified organisms and products derived from them can be used commercially.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee UPSC NOTE
Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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