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GI Tags UPSC NOTE

 


Recent list of GI tag in India

  • Seven products from across India including four from Rajasthan were given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry in Chennai.

The Jalesar Dhatu Shilp (metal craft)

  • At Jalesar in Etah district in Uttar Pradesh, which was the capital of Magadha King Jarasandha, over 1,200 small units are engaged in making Jalesar Dhatu Shilp. 

  • This place is known for making decorative metal craft as well as brassware.

Goa Mankurad mango

  • The Portuguese named the mango as Malcorada meaning poor coloured and with time this word transformed to ‘Mankurad’ aamo. 

  • Aamo means mango in Konkani language.

  • Mankurad Mango has many other names like Kurad, Goa Mankur, Malcorado, or Corado is the most famous and popular mango variety of Goa. 

  • This mango is also known as the table mango.

  • These mangoes are exclusively found in Goa during mango season.

  • The size of these mangoes are comparatively smaller. 

  • They have a pure mango shape. 

  • The color of this mango is somewhere between, red, yellow, and green. 

  • It has a very intense taste. 

  • To be specific, it has golden color and lacks fibrosity. 

  • Plus, it also has a great aroma that can be easily recognised.

  • It tastes like a combination of honey and caramel, that is tempered with allspice and cinnamon.

Goan Bebinca

  • Bebinca is a layer cake of Indo-Portuguese cuisine in Goa, India. 

  • In traditional baking, Bebinka has between 7 and 16 layers, but bakeries can modify the cake recipe as per convenience and taste.

  • It is especially popular during the Christmas season, but is available all year round due to tourism in Goa.

  • It is also easily available to carry and preserve for a long time or eaten fresh.

  • Bebinca was also adopted as a typhoon name in the northwestern Pacific Ocean by Macao. 

  • It is also prepared in Portugal and Mozambique.

  • It is also known as the Queen of Goan desserts.

Udaipur Koftgiri metal craft

  • From Rajasthan

  • The Udaipur Koftgiri metal craftsmen practices the ancient art of Koftgari used in making ornamental weaponry. 

  • The weapons are exquisitely ornamented by a complicated process of etching of design, heating and then cooling intertwined with the process of embedding gold and silver wire into the metal, pressing and flattening it to a smooth surface using moonstone and finally polishing.

  • Until a hundred years or so ago, koftgari was widely used by the Gadi-Lohars, the traditional armourers of Rajasthan, to create a range of weaponry and armour for the use of their Rajput clientele. 

  • The technique of Koftgiri was traditionally used for ornamentation of Swords, Sword handles, Sword sheath, Shields, Knifes, Body Armor – Helmets, Horse Armor. 

  • These products were traditionally formed of Damascus steel (it was locally known as ‘Faulad’) or mild steel.

  • Since Koftgiri was always in relation of to this sword making technique.

  • It can be said koftgiri originated somewhere in between the Persia and India. 

  • Historically koftgiri has never been traced for origins but the artisans say the craft has become prominent since the time of the Mughals.

  • At present, there are few craftsmen left who practice this craft. 

  • Some families in the regions of Udaipur, Jaipur and Chittorgarh in Rajasthan are still practicing Koftgiri and imitation of Damascus steel as their profession.

Bikaner Kashidakari craft

  • From Rajasthan.

  • Kashidakari work is done majorly on objects associated with marriage, especially gift items, and makes use of mirror work.

  • Recognized to be one of the most ancient types of indelible craft, Kashida embroidery, expound its cultural essence through the medium of threadwork, patchwork, applique, and beadwork.

  • The pure and natural elements are taken from nature and then replicated in this embroidery with multi-colored threads and beads.

  • This craft originally came from Pakistan.

Jodhpur Bandhej craft

  • It is the Rajasthani art of tying and dyeing. 

  • It is the art of printing varied patterns on fabrics using the tie and dye method.

Bikaner Usta Kala craft

  • The Bikaner Usta Kala craft is also known as gold nakashi work or gold manauti work, due to the prominence of golden colour in an actual manner developed by gold in the previous period. Due to this, the craft has longevity.

  • In this, artistic work of rare gold enamel is done on the flasks made of camel skin, which are very attractive and charming.

  • This art is engraved on vials, flasks, mirrors, boxes, earthen jugs etc. 

  • The development of this unique master art of golden meenakari on camel's skin was done by Padma Shri awardee Hisamuddin Usta.

  • In the medieval period , this art was established in the Mughal courts in India.

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