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Gig Workers UPSC NOTE

 


  • Gig workers, such as those working for Uber or Ola, are considered "transport-based workers" who use app-based platforms to connect with customers. 

  • The company, referred to as the "aggregator," takes a commission from the drivers for facilitating the connection with customers.

  • The app, powered by algorithms, manages various aspects, including fixing the routes, regulating rides, handling tax payments, and generating profits for the company.

  • The company maintains control over the workers' digital identity ("ID"). If the workers do not comply with the company's conditions, their ID can be blocked, resulting in a temporary digital punishment or dismissal.

  • Companies classify these workers as "partners" rather than employees, thereby avoiding employer responsibilities such as providing fair wages, working conditions, or social security benefits.

  • Globally, companies resist taking responsibility for workers' dignity and fair working conditions, leaving gig workers at the mercy of employer decisions. 

  • Unions have limited power to negotiate on behalf of gig workers.

  • Significance of the Rajasthan law as a breakthrough in protecting gig workers' rights. 

  • Workers, unions, civil society, and citizen groups demanded social security rights through a board established by a gig workers welfare law.

  • Gig workers require social security benefits, which are essential for their well-being, especially during times of crisis such as illness, old age, or the need for leave.

  • Gig workers are compelled to work long hours throughout the week, and they often bear the burden of domestic or social crises without support from the companies.

  • The passage criticizes the lack of support from the neoliberal state to address the concerns and rights of gig workers.

  • The Rajasthan law draws inspiration from past workers' struggles, and the demands made by the workers and their supporters compelled aggregators to consider social security rights for gig workers.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gig Workers UPSC NOTE
Gig Workers UPSC NOTE
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