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Global Gender Gap Index UPSC NOTE

 


Global Gender Gap Index

  • The gender gap is the difference between women and men as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes.

  • Global Gender Gap Index was published by World Economic Forum (WEF).

  • It compares nations' advancements toward gender parity across four key dimensions with submetrics.

    • Economic Opportunity and Participation

    • Academic Achievement

    • Safety and Well-being

    • Democratic Empowerment



  • The GGG index assigns scores between 0 and 1 to each of the four sub-indices as well as the overall index, where 1 indicates full gender parity and 0 indicates total imparity.

  • Since its inception in 2006, it has been the longest-running index that tracks advancements in bridging these gaps over time.

  • Goals: To act as a compass for measuring improvement in the relative gaps between men and women in terms of health, education, the economy, and politics.

Picture Courtesy: The Hindu



  • The stakeholders in each nation are able to establish priorities that are appropriate in each unique economic, political, and cultural context thanks to this annual yardstick.

India’s rank

  • India was ranked 127 among 146 countries in gender parity — up eight places from last year’s place — in the Gender Gap Report, 2023.

  • The country had improved by 1.4 percentage points from 2022.

  • India had closed 64.3% of the overall gender gap.


  • However, it underlined that India had reached only 36.7% parity in economic participation and opportunity. 

  • The country had attained parity in enrolment across all levels of education.

  • In India, while there had been an uptick in parity in wages and income, the share of women in senior positions and technical roles had dropped slightly since the last edition.

  • On political empowerment, India has registered 25.3% parity, with women making up 15.1% of MPs.



  • Of the 117 countries with available data since 2017, 18 — including Bolivia (50.4%), India (44.4%) and France (42.3%) — have achieved women’s representation of over 40% in local governance.

  • For India, the 1.9 percentage point improvement in sex ratio at birth had driven up parity after more than a decade.

  • Compared with top scoring countries that register a 94.4% gender parity at birth, the indicator stands at 92.7% for India.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Global Gender Gap Index UPSC NOTE
Global Gender Gap Index UPSC NOTE
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