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Gold mining


  • Gold mining refers to the process of extracting gold from the earth's crust.

  • It is one of the oldest and most lucrative forms of mining, dating back thousands of years.

  • Gold mining involves various techniques, including placer mining, hard rock mining, and by-product mining.

  • Placer mining involves the extraction of gold from alluvial deposits, such as rivers, streams, or beach sands, using simple tools and equipment.

  • Hard rock mining involves extracting gold from ore bodies embedded in solid rock through drilling, blasting, and crushing the rock to release the gold.

  • By-product mining refers to the extraction of gold as a by-product of mining other metals, such as copper or silver.

  • Major gold-producing countries include China, Australia, Russia, the United States, Canada, and South Africa.

Gold import & Export


  • Switzerland: US$92.3 billion (23.4% of total gold imports)

  • India: $55.8 billion (14.1%)

  • United Kingdom: $53.7 billion (13.6%)

  • China: $43.7 billion (11.1%)

  • Hong Kong: $29.1 billion (7.4%)




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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Gold mining
Gold mining
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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