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Increasing Diabetes in India UPSC NOTE

 


  • A study conducted between 2008 and 2020 estimated that 11% of the Indian population is diabetic, with an additional 15.3% in the pre-diabetic stage.

  • This translates to approximately 101.3 million people with diabetes and 136 million in the pre-diabetes stage.

  • The rising prevalence of diabetes in India raises concerns about the need for urgent measures to address the situation and prevent further escalation of these numbers.



  • Proper management and prevention are crucial to avoid severe complications and improve the quality of life for individuals with diabetes.

  • Prevention should be the primary focus to prevent the onset of life-threatening complications in diabetics and to halt the progression from pre-diabetes to diabetes.

  • Public awareness campaigns are necessary to promote lifestyle modifications, regular check-ups, adherence to prescribed medications, and health-seeking behavior.


  • Poor control of blood sugar can lead to complications such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, neuropathy, blindness, and amputations.

  • Emphasizing lifestyle modifications, including a healthy diet, regular exercise, and periodic testing, can help maintain acceptable blood sugar levels and prevent complications.

  • Education on a mass scale is needed to reinforce these practices and encourage individuals to seek healthcare and adhere to recommended treatments.


  • Prevalence in rural areas is currently lower than in urban areas (8.9% vs. 16.4%), presenting an opportunity for prevention.

  • As traditional lifestyles give way to modern practices, promoting healthy habits, such as balanced nutrition and physical activity, becomes essential.

  • Implementing periodic epidemiological screening programs is crucial to identify new cases of diabetes and provide timely interventions.


  • Contrary to expectations, high diabetes prevalence was found not only in metro cities but also in 2-3 tier cities and rural areas.

  • Kerala, known for better social development indicators, witnessed higher prevalence in rural areas, highlighting the need for vigilance during progress.

  • The northeastern states of Tripura and Sikkim exhibited unexpected prevalence rates, attributed to factors such as ethnic composition and socio-economic indicators.

Wa forward

  • Conducting cross-sectional studies to determine the actual incidence of diabetes and assess the progression and complications in diagnosed individuals.

  • Including previously uncovered regions, islands, and Union Territories in future studies to ensure comprehensive data collection.

  • Exploring public-private partnerships to engage the larger community in detecting and treating diabetes through collaborative efforts.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Increasing Diabetes in India UPSC NOTE
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