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Nikshay Mitra Programme UPSC NOTE

 


What is TB?

  • Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

  • In humans, TB most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB), but it can also affect other organs (extra-pulmonary TB).

  • TB is a treatable and curable disease.

Transmission

  • TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air.



Symptoms

  • Cough with sputum and blood at times, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats.


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What is Nikshay Mitra programme?

  • It is a component of PM TB mukt abhiyan

  • It is to ensure additional diagnostic, nutritional, and vocational support to those on TB treatment.

  • It is basically a crowdfunding model.

  • Ni-kshay Mitra (Donor) are those who can support by adopting health facilities (for individual donor), blocks/urban wards/districts/states for accelerating response against TB to complement government efforts.

  • Any individual or organisation can register as Ni-kshay Mitra on the Ni-kshay 2.0 portal to support people affected by the disease

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  • The minimum period of commitment for providing the support to the TB patient will be one year.

  • The donors include cooperative societies, corporates, elected representatives, individuals, institutions, non-governmental organisations, political parties and partners willing to adopt the health facilities (for individual donor).

  • The State and the district administration would support the donors in prioritising the districts and in providing guidance on the critical gap analysis and district-specific needs.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Nikshay Mitra Programme UPSC NOTE
Nikshay Mitra Programme UPSC NOTE
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