Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



India Needs A New Economic Policy UPSC NOTE


GDP growth rate trends in India

  • The National Statistical Office (NSO) has released the 2022-23 GDP fourth-quarter growth rate figures. 

  • Measured against fourth-quarter figures of the previous year, the data give a gloomier picture than what the media publications of the Press Information Bureau present. 

  • According to NSO data, in the first COVID-19 pandemic quarter of 2020-21, i.e., April 1 to June 30, 2020, GDP growth rate was minus 23.8% when compared to GDP of the same period in 2019-20.

  • Three conclusions based on NSO data since 2014-2015 are important for a reality check. 

  • First, the growth rate of GDP, since 2015-16 had been declining annually, and has fallen in the fourth quarter to what it was earlier, and sneeringly referred to by economists as “The Hindu Rate of Growth” — 3.5% growth rate in GDP.

  • Second, it is essential to recognise that since 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s widely publicised “Vikas” in reality achieved the so-called “Hindu rate of growth” in GDP of what had been achieved in the period 1950-77 — the socialism period.

  • Third, during the tenures of P.V. Narasimha Rao and Manmohan Singh, GDP growth rates rose for the first time to between 6% to 8% per year over a 15-year period, i.e., 1991-96 and 2004-2014 (with the usual cyclic ups and downs).

    • They both reduce state participation and increase incentives for capital and labour providers, thus achieving a higher and faster growth of the economy.

  • What is alarming today is the serious and continuous decline in GDP growth rates which began in 2016. And that decline continues even now. 

Steps to be taken

  • Clear implementation of what the economic objectives will be, and priorities that should be assigned to the various objectives. 

  • Thereafter, there ought to be a strategy on what should be incentivised and what should be deleted or discontinued. 

    • For example, in today’s dark economic condition, it is essential that personal income tax is abolished and Goods and Services Tax scrapped to incentivise investors and earners.

  • Resources by the government should be mobilised through indirect taxes.

  • Also by liberal printing of currency notes and which is circulated by paying wages to the employment generated in extensive public works. 

  • The annual interest paid on fixed-term savings in bank accounts should be 9% or so to increase purchasing power of the middle classes. 

  • Interest rates on loans to small and medium industries should be no more than 6% of the loans to increase production of these sectors, and thus employment.

  • India needs a new economic policy urgently. 

  • It needs to be a policy that is based on clear objectives, priorities, have a strategy to achieve targets, and spell out an intelligent and transparent resource mobilisation plan to finance policies. 

  • The market system is not a free-for-all or an ad hoc measure. It has a structure with rules for transactions. 

  • Market system capitalism works as the principal drivers are incentive and capital (whose use for innovation raises factory productivity and the growth rate of GDP). 

  • Deregulations should also not mean that we reject government intervention for safety nets, affirmative action, market failure and creating a level-playing field. 

  • Democratic institutions have to be empowered to guard against public disorder arising from rapid de-regulation — as it happened in Russia post-1991. 

    • Russia experienced chaos and misery. This dictatorship has returned for the Russians, and with it a complete loss of human rights and democratic values.

  • The trade-off between the public sector and de-regulation and the sale of loss-making units,

    • increasing employment, through affirmative action, and easy access to social security .

  • A safety net are essential to create a stake for the poor in the system. 

  • This creates a level-playing field in a competitive system, ensures transparency, accountability, and trusteeship (philanthropy), as well as corporate governance to legitimise profit-making smoothly which drives the market system. 

  • Such steps reduce monopolistic tendencies and help in the formation of a democratic and harmonious society.



Amritsar,1,April 2024,217,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India Needs A New Economic Policy UPSC NOTE
India Needs A New Economic Policy UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content