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Indian eagle-owl UPSC NOTE


  • The Indian eagle-owl was recently classified as a distinct species from the Eurasian eagle-owl.

  • The Indian species is an imposing bird with a length of up to 2.5 feet and a wingspan of 6 feet.

  • Prominent ear tufts resembling horns project from its head, possibly evolved to deter predators.

  • Nocturnal habits make this bird's behavior relatively unknown.

  • It inhabits the entire Indian peninsula, preferring open scrubland and agricultural areas for hunting.

  • Rocky perches and crags near these areas serve as nesting sites.

  • Near human settlements, they are often found in mango trees and are associated with superstitions and myths.

  • They are considered bearers of ill omens and are believed to have presaging powers.

  • Despite myths, they are linked with wisdom and prosperity in certain cultures.

  • In nesting areas, they exhibit ferocious defensive tactics, swooping down to protect against intruders.

  • Research by the Ela Foundation and Zoological Survey of India shows Indian eagle-owls near agricultural lands have more and healthier offspring due to abundant rodent populations.

  • The growing interest in birding in India has led to increased data collection, but nocturnal birds like the Indian eagle-owl remain underrepresented.

  • The hope is that more attention will be given to these nocturnal birds in the future.

How Owls helps Agriculture

  • Owls are skilled predators of rodents, which are common agricultural pests that damage crops and stored grains.

  • Owls' presence can prevent rodent populations from reaching destructive levels, minimizing the risk of crop damage

  • By reducing the numbers of pests that feed on crops, owls indirectly contribute to improved crop yield and quality.

  • Incorporating owl-friendly habitats into agricultural landscapes can support sustainable farming methods by promoting natural pest control.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Indian eagle-owl UPSC NOTE
Indian eagle-owl UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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