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India's Antiquity and Democratic Evolution UPSC NOTE


  • The Prime Minister's statement welcoming G-20 delegates to "the mother of democracy" is displayed across the nation's capital in the 76th year of India's Independence.

  • Debate arises over whether this claim about democracy holds substance or is merely a boast.

  • Common knowledge suggests Greece as the origin of democracy, but India also presents claims dating back to antiquity.

  • The linear narrative of Athens inventing democracy is challenged by evidence of democratic governance in various ancient societies.

  • Athenian democracy's extent of participation might have been greater, but democratic government was not exclusive to Athens.

  • India's claims to early democracy are rooted in antiquity, with references to democratic forms of governance in ancient texts like the Rig Veda.

  • Dr. Ambedkar's arguments support the existence of democratic practices in ancient India during the Buddhist era.

  • Ancient Indian states like the Lichhavis, Mallas, and Vajji confederation were known as republics with democratic roots.

  • Dr. Ambedkar draws from the Vinay-pitaka to point to democratic procedures within Indian Buddhism.

  • Diodorus Siculus, a Greek historian, mentions democratic republics in India during Alexander the Great's time.

  • Gana sanghas had democratic practices, including elected rajas and deliberative assemblies, challenging the concept of hereditary monarchy.

  • Buddhist scriptures describe self-governing groups known as gana and sangha, indicating early forms of republicanism.

  • Ambedkar believes that the Gandhian ideal of self-governing village republics had flaws, particularly in caste oppression.

  • Ancient Indian villages exhibited elements of democracy, but they also excluded certain classes, similar to Greece and its exclusion of slaves and women.

  • American political scientist David Stasavage argues that democracy was a common evolutionary form of government globally.

  • Indian democracy and Greek democracy evolved independently, representing elemental forms of government shared by humanity.

  • Ambedkar warns about the potential transformation of Indian democracy into dictatorship.

  • Protection of democracy is essential, as it can be vulnerable despite its origins.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India's Antiquity and Democratic Evolution UPSC NOTE
India's Antiquity and Democratic Evolution UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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