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Criminal Law Reforms Committee UPSC NOTE

 


  • The Ministry of Home Affairs formed a committee headed by Prof. (Dr.) Ranbir Singh, along with other members, to review criminal law codes.

  • Mandate: Recommend reforms prioritizing individual, community, and national safety, and upholding justice, dignity, and constitutional values.

  • Committee gathered stakeholder feedback through a questionnaire and submitted recommendations in February 2022.

Changes in Offences and Laws

  • Sedition offense (Section 124A) under IPC repealed; new section introduced addressing speech inciting separatist and subversive activities.

  • Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill introduces new provisions, changes to existing ones, and repeals 22 IPC provisions.

  • Punishments for gang rape and rape of minors updated, offenses made gender-neutral.

  • Capital punishment introduced for mob lynching; punishment for unnatural sexual offenses omitted.

  • Adultery offense omitted, following Supreme Court ruling.

  • Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita Bill replaces CrPC, adds provisions for FIR copies, electronic examinations, summary trials, and streamlining the magisterial system.

  • Bharatiya Sakshya Bill replaces Indian Evidence Act, focuses on admissibility of electronic records, expands scope of secondary evidence.

  • The Bills represent a significant transformation in India's criminal justice system, aiming for efficiency, transparency, and technological adaptation.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Criminal Law Reforms Committee UPSC NOTE
Criminal Law Reforms Committee UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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