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Mango Production in India UPSC NOTE


  • Mango in India is also referred as ‘king of fruits’ and referred as Kalpavriksha (wish granting tree) in ancient scriptures.

  • While most of the states in India have mango plantations, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh followed by Telangana, Karnataka and Bihar have major share in total production of the fruit.

  • Alphonso, Kesar, Totapuri and Banganpalli are leading export varieties from India.

  • Mango exports primarily take place in three forms: fresh mango, mango pulp, and mango slice. 

Mango export

  • Exports of fresh mangoes from India have reportedly decreased by half this year.

  • In 2019-20, India exported 49,658 tonnes of fresh mangoes valued at over ₹4,000 crore. However, in 2020-21, the figure dropped to 21,033 tonnes due to the lockdown.

  • Almost half of the world's mangoes are cultivated in India alone, with the second-largest source being Indonesia. 

  • Although India is the largest producer of mangoes, it accounts for less than 1% of the international mango trade; India consumes most of its own production.

Recent issues in North India:

  • North India is currently experiencing a decline in mango quality due to various factors.

  • Uttar Pradesh is mentioned as a significant mango-producing state, where farmers have been affected by a 40% decrease in production this year.

  • Dasheri mangoes are famous in Malihabad, Uttar Pradesh, where they are grown on 30,000 hectares of land.

  • Untimely rain, hailstorms, and attacks by semi-looper caterpillars have led to a decline in mango quality and production.

  • The poor taste, flavor, and color of mango varieties such as Alphonso, Kesar, Dasheri, Chausa, Langda, Lucknowi, Amrapali, and Mallika.

  • Farmers in North India have experienced reduced profits and lower market prices for their mangoes this season.

  • Scientists have suggested the use of the "bagging" method, placing bags over the fruit, to protect it from pests and the elements.

  • Weather changes, a decrease in secondary pollinators, and pest attacks have contributed to the reduced mango yield.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Mango Production in India UPSC NOTE
Mango Production in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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