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Manual Scavenging UPSC NOTE

 


What is manual scavenging?

  • Manual scavenging is defined as “the removal of human excrement from public streets and dry latrines, cleaning septic tanks, gutters and sewers manually”.

Manual Scavenging (Prohibition) Act

  • India banned the practice under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (PEMSR).

  • The Act bans the use of any individual manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of or otherwise handling in any manner human excreta till its disposal. 

  • The Act recognizes manual scavenging as a “dehumanizing practice”.

Swachhata Abhiyaan mobile app

  • The Swachhata-MoHUA is the official app of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs(MoHUA), Government Of India.

  • The app enables a citizen to post a civic-related issue (eg; a garbage dump) which is then forwarded to the city corporation concerned and thereafter assigned to the sanitary inspector of the particular ward.

  • The app has been developed to identify and geotag the insanitary latrines data.

  • The compiled data will then be used to replace insanitary latrines with sanitary latrines.

  • Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 mandates insanitary latrines survey, their demolition and replacement with sanitary latrines.

  • The app was launched on December 24, 2020 to capture the data of insanitary latrines still existing and the manual scavengers associated with them.

  • Anyone could upload the data on the mobile app, which would then be verified by the district administration concerned.

Recently in news

  • Data on Swachhata Abhiyaan, a mobile app of the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry, identify 6,253 cases of manual scavenging in India. But the Ministry is not sure if the numbers are authentic.

  • The government said that 551 districts out of 766 districts in the country had reported as “manual scavenging-free”. 

  • Confirmation is still awaited from the remaining 215 districts. 

  • Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Puducherry, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh, and Tripura are among those which have reported all their districts free of manual scavenging.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Manual Scavenging UPSC NOTE
Manual Scavenging UPSC NOTE
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