Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Manual Scavenging UPSC NOTE


What is manual scavenging?

  • Manual scavenging is defined as “the removal of human excrement from public streets and dry latrines, cleaning septic tanks, gutters and sewers manually”.

Manual Scavenging (Prohibition) Act

  • India banned the practice under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (PEMSR).

  • The Act bans the use of any individual manually cleaning, carrying, disposing of or otherwise handling in any manner human excreta till its disposal. 

  • The Act recognizes manual scavenging as a “dehumanizing practice”.

Swachhata Abhiyaan mobile app

  • The Swachhata-MoHUA is the official app of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs(MoHUA), Government Of India.

  • The app enables a citizen to post a civic-related issue (eg; a garbage dump) which is then forwarded to the city corporation concerned and thereafter assigned to the sanitary inspector of the particular ward.

  • The app has been developed to identify and geotag the insanitary latrines data.

  • The compiled data will then be used to replace insanitary latrines with sanitary latrines.

  • Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 mandates insanitary latrines survey, their demolition and replacement with sanitary latrines.

  • The app was launched on December 24, 2020 to capture the data of insanitary latrines still existing and the manual scavengers associated with them.

  • Anyone could upload the data on the mobile app, which would then be verified by the district administration concerned.

Recently in news

  • Data on Swachhata Abhiyaan, a mobile app of the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry, identify 6,253 cases of manual scavenging in India. But the Ministry is not sure if the numbers are authentic.

  • The government said that 551 districts out of 766 districts in the country had reported as “manual scavenging-free”. 

  • Confirmation is still awaited from the remaining 215 districts. 

  • Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Puducherry, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh, and Tripura are among those which have reported all their districts free of manual scavenging.



Amritsar,1,April 2024,171,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Manual Scavenging UPSC NOTE
Manual Scavenging UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content