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Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) UPSC NOTE


  • The primary role of the MPC is to maintain price stability and control inflation. 

  • Price stability is crucial for the overall health and stability of the economy.

  • The MPC sets a target band for inflation, aiming to keep it within a specified range. 

  • In the case mentioned, the target is 4±2%.

  • The MPC continuously assesses the evolving inflation-growth outlook. 

  • It analyzes various factors, including economic indicators, monetary measures, and external influences, to determine the trajectory of inflation.


  • The MPC takes a forward-looking approach in managing inflation. 

  • It considers future trends and potential risks to price stability, rather than reacting solely to past data.

  • Policymakers, including the MPC, need to remain vigilant in monitoring and controlling inflation. 

  • They must be prepared to take appropriate actions to ensure price stability in the economy.


  • The MPC utilizes interest rate policy as one of the tools to control inflation. 

  • By adjusting interest rates, the committee influences borrowing costs, consumer spending, and investment, which impact overall demand and inflationary pressures.

  • The MPC assesses the cumulative impact of previous monetary measures, such as changes in interest rates, to determine their effectiveness in aligning inflation with the target. 

  • This assessment helps guide future monetary policy decisions.


  • External factors, such as monsoon rainfall patterns and climate events, can influence inflation. 

  • The MPC closely monitors these factors and their potential impact on the inflation trajectory.

  • Given the uncertainties surrounding inflation, the MPC may exercise caution in providing definitive forward guidance on the future course of action. 

  • It acknowledges the need to remain flexible and responsive to changing economic conditions.


  • The MPC aims to strike a balance between controlling inflation and supporting economic growth. 

  • It considers both factors to ensure that any monetary measures taken do not adversely impact economic activity.

  • The MPC recognizes that specific supply-demand mismatches can exert upward pressure on prices. 

  • Therefore, it maintains a vigilant and proactive stance to manage any shocks or disruptions that could potentially harm the economy.


  • The process of controlling inflation is an ongoing endeavor. 

  • The MPC acknowledges that there are still risks to inflation and growth and that efforts to bring inflation under control require continued attention and action.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) UPSC NOTE
Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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