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Mudumalai Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE

 Sambar deer

  • The sambar (Rusa unicolor) is a large deer native to the Indian subcontinent, South China and Southeast Asia.

  • Sambar deer are known for their coat and antlers that are rugged.

  • Nocturnal and solitary


  • Tropical dry forests, tropical seasonal forests, subtropical mixed forests with stands of conifers and montane grasslands, broadleaved deciduous and broad leaved evergreen trees, to tropical rainforests, and seldom moves far from water sources.


  • Wide range due to broader diet

  • Thorn and arid forests — Gujarat and Rajasthan

  • Moist and dry deciduous forests — peninsular India

  • Pine and oak forests — Himalayan foothills

  • Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests — northeastern India and the Western Ghats

  • Temperate-latitude and alpine-zone woodlands – Taiwan


  • IUCN Red List - Vulnerable

  • Schedule – I of wildlife (Protection) act, 1972

  • State animal of Odisha

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

  • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is situated in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu. 

  • Part of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve.

  • It spans an area of 321 square kilometres.

  • It shares a border with the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala on the west, the Bandipur Tiger Reserve in Karnataka on the north.

  • All of which together make up a significant conservation landscape for species like the tiger and Asian elephant.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Mudumalai Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE
Mudumalai Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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