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One Health UPSC NOTE

 

  • 'One Health' is gaining global popularity as a holistic approach that recognizes the connections between human, animal, plant, and environmental health.

  • It traces back to ancient thinkers like Hippocrates and gained prominence through figures like Rudolf Virchow, stressing the interdependence of human and animal health.

  • The approach addresses zoonoses (diseases shared between animals and humans) due to environmental changes, urbanization, and population growth.

Importance and Specialties of One Health:

  • One Health helps manage zoonotic diseases and interconnected health challenges more efficiently.

  • It fosters coordination among various governmental units, allowing shared research and informed policymaking.

  • The economic benefits of One Health are substantial compared to the costs of managing pandemics without it.

Recent One Health Initiatives:

  • The COVID-19 pandemic underscored the importance of the One Health approach.

  • India has initiated various One Health projects, such as the Standing Committee on Zoonoses and a consortium focusing on transboundary animal diseases.

  • The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy, in collaboration with partners, launched a One Health pilot project in Karnataka and Uttarakhand.

Four Stages of One Health Transformation:

  • Communication: Establish mechanisms for inter-ministerial communication.

  • Collaboration: Exchange knowledge and expertise, clarify roles in zoonosis management.

  • Coordination: Routine, long-term activities managed by a national or subnational agency.

  • Integration: Create policy frameworks for efficient resource-sharing and synergy among sectors.

Importance of Collaborative Science:

  • Moving beyond short-term collaborations, integration of disciplines and research environments is essential.

  • Shared access to laboratories and biological samples facilitates research across disciplines.

  • An integrated system assists in dealing with costly and ethically complex samples.

  • Collaborative science is crucial for overcoming challenges posed by the One Health approach.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: One Health UPSC NOTE
One Health UPSC NOTE
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