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Pangong Lake UPSC NOTE


Pangong Lake

  • A long boomerang-shaped endorheic (landlocked) water body

  • It is a transborder lake spanning across eastern Ladakh and western Tibet

  • Around 40% of the lake is in Indian territory, 50% is in Tibet (China), and the remaining 10% is reportedly disputed between the two countries and serves as a de facto buffer zone.

Pangong Lake

Eastern Part:

  • Freshwater in character.

  • Fishes, crustaceans, ducks, moss, and other aquatic flora & fauna too, inhabit this region.

  • Important breeding region for a number of migratory birds during summers

Western Part:

  • Extremely saline in character.

  • No fishes or flora are observed in or near the lake, however, a few crustaceans can be seen in the water.

  • Chang Chenmo is the name of barren mountains situated at the northern bank of the lake which extends out into major spurs into the lake that are called fingers by the Army.

Constructions near Pangong lake

  • There is hectic activity in the area from both sides.

Chinese construction:

  • China is rushing to complete a bridge across the Pangong Tso, connecting the north and south banks.

  • Apart from the bridge, work on road connectivity along the south bank towards Shandong village is also under progress, another official source said, citing intelligence inputs.

  • A Chinese air defence site is located east of the Khurnak fort.

  • A 22-km tunnel is under construction along the G-0177 expressway at Yuli, connecting to the very important G-216 highway in Tibet.

India’s construction:

  • India is also building a black-topped road on its side on the north bank.

  • Construction of black-topped road towards Finger 4 on Indian side is on and is expected to be completed by 2025. 

  • There is major impetus on infrastructure, road networks, advanced landing grounds and so on.

  • Construction work is at an advanced stage on the alternative axis to the critical Darbuk-Skyok-Daulat Beg Oldie road through the Saser La.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Pangong Lake UPSC NOTE
Pangong Lake UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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