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Railway safety UPSC NOTE

 

  • Major accidents bring attention to the need for railway safety and evoke various responses from different quarters. 

  • A comprehensive and objective analysis is necessary to identify and address safety issues effectively.

  • Over the last two decades, the number of derailments and accidents has significantly decreased. 

  • This achievement demonstrates improved safety performance despite increased freight loading and passenger traffic.


Steps to be taken

  • Establishing a system for real-time reporting of unsafe practices or situations can help prevent accidents. 

  • Encouraging lower-level staff to report deviations confidentially can provide valuable insights and enable prompt corrective actions.

  • The traditional top-down approach to inspections and supervision may lead to a lack of transparency, suspicion, and window dressing. 

  • A shift towards empowering staff to report and rectify deviations can foster a culture of safety and accountability.



  • Can Take inspiration from successful models like the Confidential Incident Reporting and Analysis System (CIRAS) used in British Railways

  • The Indian Railways should introduce a similar reporting system to encourage proactive reporting of safety concerns.

  • Implementing a reporting system requires a change in mindset throughout the railway management hierarchy. 

  • It is essential to foster an environment where the focus is on correction rather than punishment, listening to staff at all levels, and acting upon their concerns.

  • While implementing reporting systems, it is crucial to emphasize the need for physical infrastructure as well as a change in management attitudes. 

  • The success of the system relies on creating a shared commitment to safety and a willingness to address issues raised by frontline staff.

  • Ensuring railway safety requires continuous effort and commitment, even when it lacks glamour or attention. 

  • Sustained focus on safety, unremitting hard work, and an unwavering commitment to preventing accidents are necessary for long-term success.


Railway safety

  • The recently introduced Indian Railways Management Service (IRMS) scheme should be critically evaluated to ensure it does not undermine discipline-specific expertise and commitment to safety within the management cadre.

  • Considering the significant investments and challenges faced by the Indian Railways, there may be a need to reconsider having a full-time Cabinet Minister for Railways. 

  • This would ensure undivided attention and focus on policymaking and decision-making related to railways.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Railway safety UPSC NOTE
Railway safety UPSC NOTE
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