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Rock Painting In Guntur UPSC NOTE


What is Mesolithic-era?

  • The Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age is the Old World archaeological period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.

  • The additional "Mesolithic" category was added as an intermediate category by Hodder Westropp in 1866.

  • The Mesolithic Age, which means Middle Stone Age, was the second part of the Stone Age. 


  • In India, it spanned around 9,000 B.C. to 4,000 B.C.

  • The people of this age lived on hunting, fishing, and food gathering initially but later on they also domesticated animals.

  • The characteristic tools of this age were Microliths.

  • The people of this age practised painting.

    • The paintings depicted birds, animals, and human beings.

    • Example :Rock shelters in Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh.


Mesolithic sites in India

  • Bagor - Rajasthan

  • Langhnaj - Gujarat

  • Adamgarh, Bhimbetka - Madhya Pradesh

  • Mohrana Pahara - Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh

Recent findings in Guntur

  • A Mesolithic period rock painting depicting a person tilling a piece of land has been found in Orvakallu village in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh.

  • One of the paintings depicted a man catching wild goat with his left hand while wielding a hook-like implement to control it. 


  • Another showed two couple standing with their hands raised while a child stood behind them.

  • Painted figure of a man holding a plough and appearing to be tilling land — an indication,“of a semi-settled life pattern” in which members of this community cultivated crops.

  • Paintings were made with “natural white kaolin and red ochre pigments”.

    • Ochre (clay + sand + ferric oxide) 

    • Kaolinite is soft, earthy and usually white mineral produced by the chemical weathering of aluminium silicate minerals like feldspar.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rock Painting In Guntur UPSC NOTE
Rock Painting In Guntur UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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