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  • Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley of Central Africa, where the African Great Lakes region and Southeast Africa converge. 

  • Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Why in News

  • Paul Rusesabagina, a prominent critic of the Rwandan government, stated that Rwandans are "prisoners in their own country."

  • This is Rusesabagina's first public message since his release from a Rwandan prison in March after more than 900 days of imprisonment.

  • Rusesabagina expressed gratitude to the United States for orchestrating his surprise release, referring to his time in prison as "hell."

  • He chose to release his video message on YouTube to coincide with Rwanda's proclamation of independence on July 1, 1962.

  • According to Rusesabagina, Rwandans are still not free even 61 years after independence, as they remain prisoners in their own country.

  • He described Rwanda as an authoritarian government that denies its citizens their rights and suppresses dissent.

  • Rusesabagina's family reported that he was in poor health during his imprisonment.

  • His release was made possible due to pressure from the United States government, and Rusesabagina expressed his gratitude for their intervention.

  • He acknowledged that the U.S. government's involvement compelled Rwanda to face the reality of the situation.

  • Rusesabagina has consistently criticized President Paul Kagame as a "dictator" and his detention shed light on Rwanda's suppression of political dissent and free speech.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rwanda UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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