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Savanna Ecosystem UPSC NOTE


  • A savanna ecosystem, also known as a tropical grassland, is a type of biome characterized by a continuous grassland with scattered trees and shrubs.

  • Savannas are primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions, typically between tropical rainforests and deserts.

  • Savannas can be found in several continents, including Africa, South America, Australia, and parts of Asia.

  • Savannas are characterized by a distinct seasonal climate with a dry season and a rainy season

  • The dry season is usually longer, and the rainfall is limited, leading to the growth of grasses and the presence of scattered trees and shrubs.

  • Savannas support a diverse range of plants and animals. 

  • They are home to iconic wildlife species such as elephants, lions, giraffes, zebras, antelopes, and various bird species.

  • Fire plays a crucial role in the maintenance of savanna ecosystems. 

  • Periodic fires, both natural and human-induced, help control the growth of trees and promote the dominance of grasses.

  • Human activities such as agriculture, grazing, urbanization, and climate change pose threats to savanna ecosystems. 

  • Land conversion for farming and habitat fragmentation can disrupt the balance of the ecosystem and impact wildlife populations.

  • Conservation organizations and governments are working to protect and manage savanna ecosystems through initiatives like protected areas, sustainable land management practices, and community-based conservation programs.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Savanna Ecosystem UPSC NOTE
Savanna Ecosystem UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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