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Seoul and Pyongyang UPSC NOTE


  • Seoul, the capital of South Korea

  • Pyongyang is the capital and largest city of North Korea, where it is sometimes labeled as the "Capital of the Revolution". 

  • Pyongyang is located on the Taedong River about 109 km upstream from its mouth on the Yellow Sea

Why In news

  • On May 25, South Korea successfully launched its first indigenous design rocket, the Nuri, placing a mission-capable satellite in orbit.

  • A few days later, North Korea launched a new rocket design, the Chollima-1, from a new facility.

  • The Nuri launcher is South Korea's first entirely indigenous design, and it aims to deploy military and civilian satellites in orbit.

  • North Korea has cycled through different launchers, and the Chollima-1 appears to be more advanced, but its maiden test in May ended in failure.

  • Both countries see space programs as a matter of national pride and have invested resources in their launch facilities.

  • South Korea's Naro Space Center has been operational since 2009, while North Korea's Sohae facility on the west coast was completed in 2011.

  • The Chollima-1 was launched from a new pad at Sohae, built in just over a month, demonstrating North Korea's commitment to its satellite program.

  • Analysts believe North Korea is moving towards deploying operational satellites, starting with low orbit recon satellites.

  • South Korea plans to use the follow-on KSLV-III project as the mainstay of its spaceflight program by 2030, with the next flight of Nuri expected in 2025.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Seoul and Pyongyang UPSC NOTE
Seoul and Pyongyang UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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