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Survey at Corbett Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE

 


Survey at Corbett Tiger Reserve

  • About 275 bird species, including two critically endangered, four vulnerable ones and two endangered species, were counted during a survey at Corbett Tiger Reserve.

  • As per the report, two species, namely white-rumped vulture and red-headed vulture, considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) list.

  • Two endangered species Pallas’s fish-eagle, Egyptian vulture were also counted by the researchers in the survey. 

  • Four vulnerable bird species great hornbill, great slaty woodpecker, grey-crowned prinia and river tern — have also been counted in the survey.

  • About 10 near-threatened bird speciesriver lapwing, red-breasted parakeet, oriental darter, lesser fish-eagle, Himalayan griffon, great thick-knee, gray-headed fish-eagle, black-necked stork, Asian woolley-necked stork and Alexandrine parakeet — have also been found at the reserve.

White-rumped vulture

  • It is an Old World vulture native to South and Southeast Asia.

  • It has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Red-headed vulture

  • The red-headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus), also known as the Asian king vulture, Indian black vulture or Pondicherry vulture,is an Old World vulture. 

  • It is mainly found in the Indian subcontinent.

  • It has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Pallas’s fish-eagle

  • It is also known as Pallas's sea eagle or band-tailed fish eagle.

  • It breeds in the east Palearctic in Kazakhstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia, China, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan. 

  • It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Egyptian vulture

  • It also called the white scavenger vulture or pharaoh's chicken, is a small Old World vulture and the only member of the genus Neophron.

  • It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Great hornbill

  • The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis), also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. 

  • It occurs in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. 

  • It has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. 

Great slaty woodpecker

  • It is found across the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

  • It is the largest known species of woodpecker.

  • It has been listed as Vulnerable.

Grey-crowned prinia

  • It is found in Bhutan, northern India and Nepal.

  • It has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. 

River tern

  • It is a resident breeder along inland rivers from Iran east into the Indian Subcontinent and further to Myanmar to Thailand, where it is uncommon. 

  • Unlike most Sterna terns, it is almost exclusively found on freshwater, rarely venturing even to tidal creeks.

  • It has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. 

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Survey at Corbett Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE
Survey at Corbett Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE
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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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