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Terrorism Definition in new BNS Bill UPSC NOTE


  • The proposed BNS Bill defines causing "floods" as a terrorist offense.

  • Aiming to replace the British-era Indian Penal Code, it introduces a definition of terrorism as a separate offense in a general law.

  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, is a specialized law focused on terrorism-related activities.

Definition and Provisions:

  • Section 111 (6) (a) of the BNS Bill defines a "terrorist" as someone who develops, possesses, transports, uses weapons, explosives, releases dangerous substances, or causes fire, floods, or explosions.

Concerns and Safeguards:

  • Lawyer M.S. Khan highlights that the proposed law lacks procedural safeguards against false implication, unlike the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) and Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act (MCOCA).

  • UAPA has faced criticism for its stringent provisions, and its constitutional validity has been challenged in the Supreme Court.

  • The proposed law's lack of safeguards raises concerns about potential misuse and hasty registration of FIRs.

Specific Case and Floods:

  • In 2022, Assam's Silchar experienced a devastating flood, leading to over 120 deaths.

  • Assam Chief Minister mentioned the flood as "man-made," attributing it to the breach of an embankment along the Barak river.

  • A criminal case was filed, and four Muslim residents were arrested, sparking social media discussions about "flood jihad."

Punishment and Safeguards:

  • Section 111 proposes a minimum five-year imprisonment and a maximum penalty of death for a terrorist offense.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Terrorism Definition in new BNS Bill UPSC NOTE
Terrorism Definition in new BNS Bill UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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