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Biodiversity Of Northeast India UPSC NOTE

 Balancing Revenue Generation and Environmental Impact:

  • States generate revenue and employment through tourism, construction, and infrastructure projects.

  • However, some of these activities carry a significant environmental cost.

  • A recent case involving Umiam Lake highlights the need to protect natural beauty amidst development.

Umiam Lake Case and Environmental Impact:

  • The Meghalaya High Court heard a PIL on Umiam Lake's cleanliness.

  • The court observed that promoting tourism should not harm the state's natural beauty.

  • Guidelines lacked provisions for addressing construction around waterbodies.

Environmental Significance of Northeast India:

  • Northeast India is rich in resources such as oil, natural gas, minerals, and freshwater.

  • Biodiversity hotspots like Garo-Khasi-Jaintia hills and Brahmaputra valley are present.

  • Environmental issues include deforestation, floods, and challenges from existing industries.

Challenges with Environmental Laws:

  • India has developed numerous environmental laws and policies since the 1980s.

  • Environmental offenses are addressed as "public nuisance" under IPC Sections 268 to 290.

  • The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution grants autonomy to District Councils, affecting land use regulations.

PILs and Judicial Activism:

  • Articles 32 and 226 of the Constitution encourage PILs and judicial activism.

  • National Green Tribunal imposed fines on state governments for environmental violations.

  • Strict guidelines and penalties from judicial and quasi-judicial bodies protect flora and fauna.

Sustainable Policies and Priorities:

  • Governments must create revenue, employment, and infrastructure sustainably.

  • North East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS) includes a "Negative List" to exclude entities not meeting environmental standards.

  • "Act Fast for Northeast" policy should prioritize both trade and commerce and environmental preservation.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Biodiversity Of Northeast India UPSC NOTE
Biodiversity Of Northeast India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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