False
Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


Tiger Population and Man-Animal Conflict UPSC NOTE

 


Tiger Population and Man-Animal Conflict

  • The results of the latest survey on tiger population published by the Karnataka Forest Department and the all-India figures published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) indicate that the number of big cats has grown in the State.

  • According to the NTCA status report, Karnataka has the second highest number of tigers (563) after Madhya Pradesh (785). 

  • It is high in areas such as the Bandipur Tiger Reserve where tigers have been protected ever since the inception of Project Tiger 50 years ago.

  • According to the NTCA report, 373 of Karnataka’s 563 tigers are in five reserves – Bandipur, Nagarahole, Bhadra, BRT, and Kali, which together account for 66% of the State’s tiger population. 

  • Nearly 78% of tigers in tiger reserves are concentrated in Bandipur and Nagarahole. 

  • The remaining are dispersed across 17 non-tiger reserves.

Challenges

  • There are 136 villages in a radius of 1 km around Bandipur and nearly as many villages around Nagarahole with a large livestock population.

  • Livestock are easy prey for tigers lurking in the forest fringes. 

  • There are concerns among communities that any further increase in the tiger population may escalate the man-animal conflict, which is especially high in habitats with elephants. 

  • Local communities in these habitats suffer crop damages (by elephants) and human deaths (due to tiger and elephant attacks).

  • Some argue that a high prey base will reduce the range of the resident tigers and their propensity to stray into human habitats. 

  • This means bracing for a higher density of tigers per sq km. 

  • Bandipur and Nagarahole already have 7.97 tigers and 10.88 tigers per 100 sq km, respectively.

  • However, others argue that Bandipur and Nagarahole may have reached saturation point in terms of their tiger population and prey population and efforts to augment numbers may only fuel more conflict.

  • Besides, experts have cautioned against artificial intervention or habitat manipulation in order to augment the population of tiger prey.

  • They say that an increase in tiger density beyond the carrying capacity of the habitat could adversely impact the population of other co-predators such as leopards and dholes, which are equally important to conserve.

  • Another long-term challenge in Karnataka is to protect potential tiger habitats with low densities and strengthen corridor connectivity.

  • Doing so will facilitate the dispersal of tigers in ranges where the forests are contiguous. 

Way forward

  • A case in point is the Malai Mahadeshwara Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, which is spread over 906.18 sq km and is said to be ideal as a sink to absorb the surplus tiger population. 

  • This sanctuary was mooted as a tiger reserve.

  • The NTCA supported the proposal on the grounds that additional inviolate space could be created for the dispersal of both tigers and prey. 

  • The Malai Mahadeshwara Hills Wildlife Sanctuary is linked to the Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka to its north and east, the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu to its south, and the BRT Tiger Reserve in Karnataka to its west. 

  • It is therefore considered vital for securing the future of tigers in the State. 

  • But political compulsions before the Karnataka Assembly elections forced to put the proposal on hold.

  • Providing a viable wildlife habitat and creating additional space for tigers.

  • Calls for ensuring strict implementation of Eco Sensitive Zone rules.

  • Reducing anthropogenic pressure on existing habitats.

  • Taking the local populace into confidence and allaying their fears of displacement. 

  • All of this requires both political and administrative will.

COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,54,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,67,Govt Schemes,2,GST,1,History,2,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,46,Indian History,2,Indian Polity,56,International Organisation,12,International Relations,58,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,222,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,66,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Tiger Population and Man-Animal Conflict UPSC NOTE
Tiger Population and Man-Animal Conflict UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/tiger-population-and-man-animal.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/08/tiger-population-and-man-animal.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content