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Caste-based Violence Against Dalits UPSC NOTE

 Caste-based violence against Dalits in Tamil Nadu

Factors responsible for such violences:

  • Mushrooming of caste organisations that run high on caste pride.

  • A near total absence of anti-caste activism within the powerful Other Backward Classes (OBC) by social and political organisations.

  • The feeble response from non-Dalit intellectuals.

  • Today, the primary role of the caste organisations, most often patronised by youngsters, is to create exaggerated caste-specific symbolisms. 

  • These organisations typically portray Dalits and their development as a threat to their interests of their community. 

  • By organising ‘guru poojas’, every caste has found a social icon around which to rally. 

  • In the past three decades, every government and other political parties have not only allowed but also fully participated in the celebration of these caste icons.

  • Several caste organisations openly oppose inter-caste marriages.

  • Political parties are dependent on the vote bank of the numerically dominant OBC communities; there is political competition to appease them.

  • The political parties, which see no contradiction with these caste-organisations, are quick to form an electoral alliance with them if they manage to mobilise their communities.

  • After opposing the hegemony of Brahmins and pursuing the politics of anti-Brahminism, the Dravidian movement did not do much to oppose the dominance of powerful OBC communities or speak about these issues vociferously.

  • There is open support for caste-based outfits and encouragement to castes to reclaim their past based on myths. 

  • Such myths only reinforce caste consciousness in the minds of upper caste students.

Reforms needed:

  • Rather than suppress the Dalit critique, social and political organisations must acknowledge that there is urgent need to address the issue of violence against Dalits in the State. 

  • They must discourage the formation of caste-based organisations, and delegitimise existing caste organisations. 

  • Governments must stop participating in ‘guru poojas’ and establishing memorials for caste leaders. 

  • The idea of equality should be propagated earnestly in schools, colleges and workplaces. 

  • In schools and colleges, monitoring committees that involve teachers and parents must be set up to handle discrimination. 

  • The police must be held accountable where there is lax investigation and in bringing the perpetrators of violence against Dalits to justice.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Caste-based Violence Against Dalits UPSC NOTE
Caste-based Violence Against Dalits UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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