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Coffee Growing Requirements UPSC NOTE

 Coffee Growing Requirements

  • Coffee plants require a hot and humid climate. 

  • Temperature 15°C to 28°C, and Rainfall 150 to 250 cm.

  • Dry weather is necessary at the time of ripening of the berries.

  • Well drained, loams containing a good deal of humus and minerals like iron and calcium are ideal for coffee cultivation.

  • Coffee can be grown on lots of soils but the ideal types are fertile volcanic red earth or deep sandy loam.

Coffee Growing Areas in India

  • Coffee is traditionally grown in the Western Ghats of India, which are located in the states of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

  • The majority of the world's coffee production, or about 70%, is produced in Karnataka.

  • Along with the North East states, coffee cultivation is also expanding quickly in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and other non-traditional regions.

Blossom showers

  • It is a colloquial term to describe the occurrence of pre-monsoon rainfall. 

  • Sometimes, these rains are referred to generically as ‘April rains’ or ‘Summer showers’.

  • They are notable across much of South and Southeast Asia, including India and Cambodia.

  • In southern Asia, these rains greatly influence human activities because of the control the rains have on crops that are culturally significant like mangoes and coffee.

  • These rains normally occur from March to April, although their arrival is often difficult to predict.

  • Their intensity can range from light showers to heavy and persistent thunderstorms. 

  • In India, the blossom showers occur as the result of thunderstorm development over the Bay of Bengal. 

  • They are also known as 'Kaal Baisakhi' in Bengal, as Bordoisila in Assam and as Cherry Blossom showers or Coffee Showers in Karnataka.

  • Towards the close of summer, pre-monsoon showers are common, especially in Kerala, Karnataka and parts of Tamil Nadu.

  • They help in the early ripening of mangoes and are hence often referred to as "Mango showers."

Why it is in news?

  • India’s coffee crop witnessed a 20% drop in yield so far this year due to deficit rainfall.

  • The blossom showers were delayed. 

  • In Karnataka we got only 50% of the expected rains. 

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Coffee Growing Requirements UPSC NOTE
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