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  • Derna is a port city in eastern Libya. 

  • Among Libyan cities, Derna has a unique location and physical environment, as it lies between green mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, and the desert. 

Why it is in news?

  • Mediterranean storm Daniel caused deadly flooding in many towns of eastern Libya.

  • Worst-hit was Derna.

  • Floodwaters washed down Wadi Derna, a river running from the mountains through the city and into the sea.

Storm Daniel

Storm Daniel

  • Storm Daniel, also known as Cyclone Daniel, was the deadliest and costliest Mediterranean tropical-like cyclone ever recorded as well as the deadliest cyclone worldwide since Cyclone Nargis in 2008. 

  • It was also the deadliest weather event of 2023 to date.

  • Forming as a low-pressure system around 4 September 2023, the storm affected Greece, Bulgaria, and Turkey with extensive flooding.

  • The storm then organized as a Mediterranean low and was designated as Storm Daniel. 

  • It soon acquired quasi-tropical characteristics (TLC) and moved toward the coast of Libya, where it caused catastrophic flooding before degenerating into a remnant low. 

  • The storm was the result of an Omega block, as a high-pressure zone became sandwiched between two zones of low pressure, with the isobars shaping like the Greek letter Ω.

  • n Greece, the storm was considered the worst in recorded history, with severe rainfall leading to flooding that caused more than 2 billion euros in damage. 

  • Libya was hit the hardest, with torrential rains causing two dams near the city of Derna to fail.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Derna UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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