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Culture Corridor at the Venue of G20 Summit UPSC NOTE

 Culture Corridor at the Venue of G20 Summit

  • The Culture Corridor-G-20 Digital Museum has been conceptualised by the Ministry of Culture to represent and celebrate the shared heritage of G-20 members and invitee countries and will create a “museum in the making”.

  • This exhibition will be unveiled at ‘Bharat Mandapam’, the venue for the G-20 Leaders’ Summit, on September 9.

  • Submissions were requested from G-20 countries and nine guest nations under five categories:

  • 1. Object of Cultural Significance (as a physical display);

  • 2. Iconic Cultural Masterpiece (as a digital display); 

  • 3. Intangible Cultural Heritage (digital display);

  • 4. Natural Heritage (digital display); 

  • 5. Artefact Related to Democratic Practices (physical or digital display).

Magna Carta

  • Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "Great Charter of Freedoms"), commonly called Magna Carta.

  • It is a royal charter of rights agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.

  • Drafted to make peace between the unpopular king and a group of rebel barons.

  • It is the first document to put into writing the principle that the king and his government was not above the law. 

  • It sought to prevent the king from exploiting his power, and placed limits of royal authority by establishing law as a power in itself.

Bronze statue of Belvedere Apollo

  • Around 1489, a statue was found in Rome which became one of the most famous sculptures of antiquity very soon after its excavation: a larger-than-life-size marble statue of Apollo. 

  • Ever since 1503, when it was erected in the Belvedere, the sculpture courtyard of the Vatican, it has been known as the Apollo Belvedere. 

  • The bronze figure of the Apollo Belvedere in the Liebieghaus is a work by the Renaissance sculptor Pier Jacopo Alari Bonacolsi, known as Antico.

  • Because of its closeness to the ancient original, it is thought to be the earliest of three bronzes made by him as small-scale reproductions of that original. 

  • Antico is the first artist since ancient times who is known to have made multiple bronze casts from a threedimensional model. 

18th century Fahua-lidded jar from China

  • The term fahua or 'designs with borders' describes a particularly striking style of decoration seen on Chinese ceramics of the Ming dynasty, 15th-17th centuries. 

  • On fahua wares, the design is outlined in relief in trailing lines of slip and then filled in with brightly-coloured glazes.

Panini’s Ashtadhyayi

  • Written more than 2,000 years ago, Ashtadhyayi or ‘Eight Chapters', is an ancient text written by the scholar Panini towards the end of the 4th century BC.

  • It is a linguistic text that set the standard for how Sanskrit was meant to be written and spoken.

  • It delves deep into the language’s phonetics, syntax and grammar, and also offers a ‘language machine’, where one can feed in the root and suffix of any Sanskrit word, and get grammatically correct words and sentences in return.

  • The Ashtadhyayi laid down more than 4,000 grammatical rules.

Mona Lisa

  • The Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait painting by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci.

  • Considered an archetypal masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance.

  • The painting's novel qualities include the subject's enigmatic expression,monumentality of the composition, the subtle modelling of forms, and the atmospheric illusionism.

  • It was believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506; however, Leonardo may have continued working on it as late as 1517. 

  • It was acquired by King Francis I of France and is now the property of the French Republic. 

  • It has been on permanent display at the Louvre in Paris since 1797.

  • It holds the Guinness World Record for the highest known painting insurance valuation in history.

Gutenberg’s Bible

  • The Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible, the Mazarin Bible or the B42) was the earliest major book printed using mass-produced movable metal type in Europe. 

  • It marked the start of the "Gutenberg Revolution" and the age of printed books in the West. 

  • It is an edition of the Latin Vulgate printed in the 1450s by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, in present-day Germany. 

Coatlicue statue

  • The Coatlicue statue is one of the most famous surviving Aztec sculptures. 

  • It is a 2.52 metre (8.3 ft) tall andesite statue by an unidentified Mexica artist.

  • Although there are many debates about what or who the statue represents, it is usually identified as the Aztec deity Coatlicue ("Snakes-Her-Skirt").

  •  It is currently located in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Culture Corridor at the Venue of G20 Summit UPSC NOTE
Culture Corridor at the Venue of G20 Summit UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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