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Dollu Kunitha UPSC NOTE


Dollu Kunitha

  • Dollu Kunitha is a major popular drum dance of Karnataka.

  • The “Halu Kuruba” tribes in Shimoga follow this tradition.

  • The performers form a semi-circle and involve in extremely swift and supple movements. 

  • The beat is controlled and directed by a leader with cymbals who is positioned in the centre.

  • Slow and fast rhythms alternate and group weaves varied patterns. 

  • The upper part of the body is usually left bare while a black sheet-rug is tied on the lower body over the `dhooti` or sarong.



  • Veeragase/Guggla is a dance form prevalent in the state of Karnataka. 

  • It is a vigorous dance based on Hindu mythology and involves very intense energy-sapping dance movements performed by Jangama. 

  • Veeragase is one of the dances demonstrated in the Dasara procession held in Mysore. 

  • This dance is performed during festivals and mainly in the Hindu months of Shravana and Karthika. 

  • It is performed at all important functions of Veerashaiva Lingayat household the veeragase artist's are called as puravanta in village side.

  • Veeragase is to be performed only by the Jangama also called Maheshwaras - clan of Veerashaiva/Lingayat community. 

  • The performers of Veeragase are also called Lingadevaru.

  • The dancers put on a white traditional headgear and a bright red coloured dress. 

  • They also adorn themselves with a necklace made of Rudraksha beads, a hip-belt called rudra muke, an ornament resembling a snake and worn around the neck called Nagabharana and anklets.

  • The dancers smear vibhooti on their foreheads, ears and eyebrows.

  • They carry a wooden plaque of Lord Veerabhadra in their left hand and a sword in their right hand.

  • Female artists do not traditionally perform this art, but females have started to be a part of stage performance of non-religious nature which merely as a folk dance.

  • The dance troop usually consists of two, four or six members. 

  • A lead singer in the troupe narrates the story of Daksha yajna as the dance is being performed.

  • A huge decorative pole called Nandikolu which has an orange flag at the top is held by one of the dancers. 

  • Traditional percussion instruments called sambal and dimmu lend music to the dance. 

  • Cymbals and shehnai and other instruments like karadi and chamala are also used. 

  • The dance also involves a ritualistic piercing of a needle across the mouth.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Dollu Kunitha UPSC NOTE
Dollu Kunitha UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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