Health report of ST and Non- ST UPSC NOTE

 Health, Nutrition, and Population trends of Scheduled Tribes (STs) from 2016 to 2021

  • A recent publish of ‘The Lancet’ provide a detailed analysis of the health, nutrition, and population trends of Scheduled Tribes (STs) from 2016 to 2021.

  • In report there are persistent disparities between the metrics of ST and non-ST populations, which demand urgent and consistent policy efforts.

  • The 2011 Census recorded over 104 million STs spread across 705 recognised ethnic groups.

  • STs, who make up 8.6% of India’s population, face health and socioeconomic challenges

  • The study offers an overview of the performance metrics for STs, non-STs, 129 health parameters in 2021.

  • In 2021, the non-ST population outperformed the ST population in 81 out of 129 indicators.

  • STs continued to face challenges Like,

  1. Women’s status 

  2. Child malnutrition, 

  3. Anaemia, 

  4. insufficient vaccination coverage

  5. Fertility and Mortality rates.

    • The 48 indicators on which STs surpassed non-STs include,

    1. Overall gender balance

    2.  Gender balance at birth

    3. Use of family planning methods

    4. Consistent treatment during pregnancy

    5. Adherence to recommended breastfeeding practices.

    • STs showed a reduced occurrence of diabetes and hypertension compared to non-STs.

    Measures to be taken for Improvements

    • Between 2016 and 2021, the ST population registered improvements in 83 of the selected 129 indicators.

    • STs experienced major improvements,

    1. Sanitation facilities

    2. More Births happened

    3. Increase in skilled and healthy persons.

    4. Full vaccination coverage among children.

    • Progress on various policy metrics concerning population, health, and nutrition hinges on the ability of its marginalized groups, with the STs being a significant segment.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Health report of ST and Non- ST UPSC NOTE
Health report of ST and Non- ST UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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