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India China Relation UPSC NOTE

Chinese President Xi Jinping Skipping G-20 Summit:

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping has decided to skip a G-20 Summit for the first time.

  • This move is seen as sending "deliberate signals" to India and the West, indicating a downgrade in China's involvement in this key international forum.

  • The decision not to attend the G-20 Summit is attributed to China's displeasure with the current state of bilateral relations with India and the politicization of the G-20.

Reasons Behind China's Decision:

  • China is unhappy with India's stance that normalcy in broader bilateral ties is not possible without a restoration of peace on the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the disputed border.

  • China believes that the G-20 should focus solely on economic issues and not engage in matters like the war in Ukraine.

  • Beijing has not provided a specific reason for President Xi's absence from the summit.

Chinese Foreign Ministry's Response:

  • The Chinese Foreign Ministry stated that Beijing always attaches importance to and actively participates in relevant activities.

  • It expressed support for India hosting this year's G-20 Summit and emphasized the stability and growth of China-India relations.

  • China intends to work with India to further improve and advance bilateral relations.

Surprising Decision and Lack of Comfort:

  • The decision not to attend the G-20 Summit is considered surprising, especially since President Xi attended previous G-20 Summits.

  • Health reasons do not appear to be a factor, as President Xi has been actively engaged in recent events.

  • The decision is seen as a deliberate signal regarding the state of relations with India and China's comfort level with the G-20 platform.

Differing Readouts and Map Dispute:

  • After an informal conversation between Indian Prime Minister Modi and President Xi in South Africa, both sides released differing readouts of the conversation.

  • Subsequently, there were exchanges of sharp criticism over China's issuance of a new "standard map" for 2023, which was seen as complicating relations amid an unresolved border crisis.

China's Unease with the G-20:

  • China's decision reflects its unease with the G-20 as a platform, particularly in contrast to its investments in other international forums like BRICS and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

Role of Premier Li Qiang:

  • Premier Li Qiang, the second-ranked leader, will attend the Delhi G-20 Summit in place of President Xi.

  • This is a deviation from the usual Chinese protocol for international meetings.

  • The President typically attends G-20 and APEC Summits, while the Premier attends events like the East Asia Summit.

  • China's decision to send Premier Li Qiang is considered well thought out and not routine, indicating careful consideration.




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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India China Relation UPSC NOTE
India China Relation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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