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Mango Varieties UPSC NOTE

 

Himsagar Mango

  • The Himsagar mango is a popular mango cultivar, originating in the modern-day Bangladesh and state of West Bengal in India.

  • Widely considered as the best mango, the inside of Himsagar is yellow to orange in colour and does not have any fibre.

  • The fruit is medium-sized and weighs between 250 and 350 grams, out of which the pulp content is around 77%. 

  • It has a good keeping quality.

  • It is also known as Khirsapati.

  • Himsagar ripens in May and it is available in the market from the second week of May to the end of June. 

  • It is mainly grown in the the Malda, Murshidabad, Nadia, Hooghly districts of West Bengal, India. 

  • This cultivar is registered under the protected Geographical Indication index with G.I. Registration No. 112.

Fazli Mango

  • The 'Fazli' mango is a mango cultivar primarily grown in Bangladesh and Indian state of West Bengal. 

  • It is a late maturing fruit, available after other varieties. 

  • Fazlis are commonly used in jams and pickles in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent. 

  • Each mango can be quite large, going up to a kilo. 

  • An important commercial variety, it is increasingly being exported.

  • In 2009, India has filed a Geographical Indication for the name Fazli, but this is likely to be shared with Bangladesh.

  • There is a dispute over this issue regarding registration to the WTO manual by India.

  • In 2021, it was given Geographical indication status as a product of Bangladesh.

Langra Mango

  • The 'Langra' mango, also known as Benarasi Langra, is a mango cultivar that was first cultivated in Banaras in present-day Uttar Pradesh 250 to 300 years ago.

  • Apart from Uttar Pradesh, it is also grown in the states of Bihar and West Bengal, as well in the neighbouring country Bangladesh.

  • In some part of northern India and in Bihar 'Langra' mango is also known as 'Malda Mango', referring to the town of Malda in West Bengal.

  • Dudhiya malda of Digha, Patna region in Patna district is considered internationally and also called 'king of the mangoes'.

  • This cultivar retains a greenish tinge while ripening. 

  • It is normally harvested during mid-June to last half of July. 

  • Around 2006, it was known to be gaining popularity on the international market.

  • It is considered suitable for slicing and canning.

Laxman Bhog Mango

  • The 'Lakshmanbhog' mango is a mango cultivar from West Bengal. 

  • It is grown in orchards spanning over 32,000 hectares in the Maldah district. 

  • The Government of West Bengal had chosen Lakshmanbhog as a variety to be exported to the United States.

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