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National Commission for Safai Karamcharis UPSC NOTE


  • It was launched as a statutory body; however, it has continued as a non-statutory body since 2004.

  • It was formed under the act called ‘National Commission for Safai Karamchari Act 1994.’

  • The NCSK Act ceased to have effect from 29th February, 2004. 

  • After that the tenure of the NCSK has been extended as a non-statutory body from time to time through resolutions.

  • It studies and evaluates the existing welfare programmes for Safai Karamcharis, investigates cases of specific grievances etc.

  • Definition of Safai Karamchari – “Safai Karamchari means a person engaged in, or employed for any sanitation work and includes his/her dependants.”

  • The Supreme Court has asked for the government's response on a plea to fill four vacancies on the National Commission for Safai Karamcharis, a body established in 1994 for the rights of sanitation workers.

  • The petitioner highlighted that despite a representation on June 9, urging appointments to the Commission, there has been no response from the government.

  • The Commission currently has vacant positions for four members out of the total six, apart from the Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson.

  • One of the key roles of the Commission is to assess the implementation of programs for the social and economic rehabilitation of safai karamcharis and scavengers.

  • The petitioner stressed the importance of the Commission's functioning in light of the ban on manual scavenging enacted in 2013

  • It aims to uplift individuals and families who were once involved in this practice.

  • The Commission also played a significant role in executing a Supreme Court verdict from March 2014, which mandated compensation of ₹10 lakh to families of those who died during sewerage work since 1993.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: National Commission for Safai Karamcharis UPSC NOTE
National Commission for Safai Karamcharis UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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