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Nilgiri tahr UPSC NOTE


Why in news.

  • Kerala and Tamil nadu government join hands to count Nilgiri Tahr.

  • Government of Tamil Nadu(T.N) launched Project Nilgiri Tahr in 2023.

  • This Project is in the time span of 2023 – 2027.Project aimed at developing a better understanding of the population, distribution and ecology of the endangered species.

  • Its is the T.N state animal.

  • The officials says, this would be the first comprehensive, exclusive census for Niligiri Tahr.

  • There will be 2 round census. 1st is in noverber and 2nd is in April or may 2024.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species | Criteria & Facts | Britannica
  • This a joined activity of Kerala and T.N government.

  • IUCN Status:  Endangered  and is protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972

  • Nilgiri Tahr is also known as Nilgiri Ibex.

  • It has been listed as “Endangered” by IUCN.

  • It has been listed under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 which provides absolute protection and offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties

  • The Adult males of Nilgiri Tahr species develop a light grey area or “saddle” on their backs and are hence called “Saddlebacks”

  • It is the state animal of Tamil Nadu.

  • It is found in open montane grassland habitat of rain forests ecoregion.

  • It is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats


  • Habitat loss (mainly from domestic livestock and spread of invasive plants)

  • Poaching,

  • Populations of these animals are small and isolated, making them vulnerable to local extinction,

  • Climate Change

Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD)

  • LSD is caused by infection of cattle or water buffalo with the poxvirus Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV).

  • Now it also seen in Nilgiri Tahr

  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The mortality rate is less than 10%.

  • Lumpy skin disease was first seen as an epidemic in Zambia in 1929. Initially, it was thought to be the result of either poisoning or hypersensitivity to insect bites.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Nilgiri tahr UPSC NOTE
Nilgiri tahr UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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