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 Rule 19A

What is Rule 19A?

  • Rule 19A of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Rules 1957, inserted through an amendment made with effect from June 4, 2010 under “Continuous Listing Requirement”.

  • It stipulates that every company listed in the Indian stock market has to maintain at least 25 percent public shareholding. 

  • “Public” is defined in the said Rules as persons other than “the promoter and promoter group” — defined as any spouse of that person, or any parent, brother, sister or child of the person or of the spouse, besides “subsidiaries or associates of the company”. 

  • This 25 per cent minimum threshold for public shareholding vitally ensures that adequate shares of a listed company is available for trading in the stock market to enable price discovery. 

  • Violations of this rule indicate likely stock price manipulation and insider trading, jeopardising the integrity of the equity market.


Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP)

  • The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) is a global network of investigative journalists with staff on six continents.

  • It was founded in 2006 and specializes in organized crime and corruption.

  • It publishes its stories through local media and in English and Russian through its website. 

  • OCCRP works with and supports 50+ independent media outlets in Europe, Africa, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. 

  • The entity was involved in the coverage of Pegasus spyware as well as Panama Papers leak.

OCCRP’s Report on Adani Group

  • The OCCRP conducted research and published a report on the Adani Group (AG).

  • The OCCRP report claimed that Mauritius-based ‘opaque’ funds were used to invest millions of dollars in public traded group stocks of AG and it happened under the ‘guidance’ of partners linked to promoter’s family.

  • The OCCRP report claims that it unearthed at least 2 cases where 'mysterious' investors bought & sold Adani shares via offshore structures.

  • In its report, it named two persons with long-terms ties with Adani family and how they 'colluded' in buying & selling Adani stocks through offshore structures and in turn raked in huge profits from dubious dealings.

  • OCCRP's report comes eight months after the US-based Hindenburg Research accused the Adani Group of improper business dealings, citing offshore entities in tax havens.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: OCCRP UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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