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Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana UPSC NOTE

 Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)

  • Foreseeing the immense potential for development of fisheries and for providing focused attention to the sector, the Government in its Union Budget, 2019-20 has announced a new scheme, the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY).

  • The PMMSY intends to address critical gaps in fish production and infrastructure and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest management, modernisation and strengthening of value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers' welfare.

  • The PMMSY is an umbrella scheme with two separate Components namely 

    • Central Sector Scheme (CS)

    • Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)

  • The Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) Component is further segregated into Non-beneficiary oriented and beneficiary orientated subcomponents/activities under the following three broad heads:

    • Enhancement of Production and Productivity

    • Infrastructure and Post-harvest Management

    • Fisheries Management and Regulatory Framework

  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada has been approved at a total estimated investment Of Rs. 20,050 crores comprising of Central share of Rs. 9407 crore, State share of Rs 4880 crore and Beneficiaries contribution of Rs. 5763 crore.

  • PMMSY will be implemented in all the States and Union Territories for a period of 5 (five) years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.

Aims and Objectives:

  • Harnessing of fisheries potential in a sustainable, responsible, inclusive and equitable manner.

  • Robust fisheries management and regulatory framework.

  • Enhancing of fish production and productivity through expansion, intensification, diversification and productive utilization of land and water.

  • Modernizing and strengthening of value chain management and quality improvement post-harvest.

  • Doubling fishers and fish farmers incomes and generation of employment.

  • Enhancing contribution to Agriculture GVA and exports.

  • Social, physical and economic security for fishers and fish farmers.

Funding pattern:

Central Sector Scheme (CS)

  • The entire project/unit cost will be borne by the Central government (i.e. 100% central funding).

  • Wherever direct beneficiary oriented i.e. individual/group activities are undertaken by the entities of central government including National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB), the central assistance will be up to 40% of the unit/project cost for General category and 60% for SC/ST/Women category.

Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)

  • For the Non-beneficiary orientated sub-components/activities under CSS component to be implemented by the States/UTs, the entire project/unit cost will be shared between Centre and State as detailed below:

    • North Eastern & Himalayan States : 90% Central share and 10% State share.

    • Other States : 60% Central share and 40% State share.

    • Union Territories (with legislature and without legislature): 100% Central share.

  • For the Beneficiary orientated i.e. individual/group activities sub components/activities under CSS component to be implemented by the States/UTs, the Government financial assistance of both Centre and State/UTs governments together will be limited to 

    • 40% of the project/unit cost for General category.

    • 60% of the project/unit cost for SC/ST/Women.

  • The Government financial assistance will in turn be shared between Centre and State/UTs in the following ratio:

  • The North Eastern & the Himalayan States: 90% Central share and 10% State share.

  • Other States: 60% Central share and 40% State share.

  • Union Territories (with legislature and without legislature): 100% Central share (No UT Share).

  • One activity namely "Livelihood and nutritional support for socio economically backward, active traditional fishers' families for conservation of fisheries resources during fish ban/lean period" under PMMSY.

  • It is continued as per the norms, guidelines and funding pattern of the Saving-cum-Relief Component of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) - Blue Revolution Scheme: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries.

  • Accordingly, the governmental assistance of Rs 3000 per annum per enrolled beneficiary under this activity under PMMSY will be shared as detailed below:

    • The North Eastern & the Himalayan States: 80% Central share and 20% State share.

    • Other States: 50% Central share and 50% State share.

    • UT: 100% Central share.

  • Each enrolled beneficiary under the above component is required to contribute Rs. 1500 annually.

  • The accumulated amount of Rs. 4500/- indicated above would be disbursed to enrolled beneficiary by the respective states/UTs at the rate of Rs. 1500/- per month for a period of 3 months every year during the fishing ban/lean period.

Beneficiaries:

  • Fish farmers

  • Fish workers and Fish vendors

  • Fisheries Development corporations

  • Self Help Groups (SHGs)/Joint Liability Groups (JLGs) in fisheries sector

  • Fisheries cooperatives

  • Fisheries Federations

  • Entrepreneurs and private firms

  • Fish Farmers Producer Organisations/Companies (FFPOs/Cs)

  • SCs/STs/Women/Differently abled persons

  • State Governments/UTs and their entities including

  • State Fisheries Development Boards (SFDB)

  • Central Government and its entities

End Implementing Agencies (EIAs):

  • Central Government and its entities including National Fisheries Development Board

  • State/lJT Governments and their entities

  • State Fisheries Development Boards

  • Any other End Implementing Agencies as decided by Department of Fisheries

Expected outcomes:

  • An investment of Rs 20050 Crore under PMMSY is the highest ever in Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector. 

  • The fish production is likely to be enhanced from 13.75 million metric tons (2018-19) to 22 million metric tons by 2024-25.

  • A sustained average annual growth of about 9% in fish production is expected.

  • An increase in the contribution of GVA of fisheries sector to the Agriculture GVA from 7.28% in 2018-19 to about 9% by 2024-25.

  • Double export earnings from the present Rs.46,589 crore (2018-19) to about 100,000 crore by 2024-25.

  • Enhancement of productivity in aquaculture from the present national average of 3 tonnes to about 5 tonnes per hectare.

  • Reduction of post-harvest losses from the reported 20-25% to about 10%.

  • Doubling of incomes of fishers and fish farmers.

  • Generation of about 55 lakhs gainful employment opportunities both direct and indirect along the supply and value chain.

  • Enhancement of the domestic fish consumption from about 5 kg to about 12 kg per capita.

  • Encouragement of private investment and facilitation of growth of entrepreneurship in the fisheries sector.

  • Key strategic priority areas: marine fisheries, inland fisheries, fishermen’s welfare, infrastructure and post-harvest management, cold water fisheries, ornamental fisheries, aquatic health management, and sea weed cultivation.

Success of PMMSY - Recently in news

  • As it completes three years, the PMMSY has successfully pulled inland fisheries from traditional waters, and infused technology, inspiring many talented and enterprising youth to venture into fisheries. 

  • Today, young woman entrepreneurs from the Kashmir Valley are efficiently rearing cold water rainbow trout using a recirculatory aquaculture system. 

  • Aquapreneurs in Nellore have become successful exporters, thanks to biofloc cultivated shrimps.

  • The PMMSY has also helped to expand fisheries to non-traditional areas. 

  • Almost 20,000 hectares of fresh pond area is being brought under inland aquaculture, and even in landlocked Haryana and Rajasthan, farmers are successfully converting their saline waste lands into wealth lands through aquaculture.

  • The PMMSY has empowered fisher women to explore remunerative options and alternative livelihoods, such as ornamental fisheries, pearl culture, and seaweed cultivation. 

  • Recently launched ₹127-crore Seaweed Park in Tamil Nadu’s Ramanathapuram district.

  • The PMMSY has enabled 900 fish feed plants and 755 hatcheries, and is supporting research and genetic improvement of Indian White Shrimp at Chennai.

  • The development of specific pathogen-free brood stock.

  • Domestication of tiger shrimp in the Andaman Islands. 

  • India is now counted among the world’s top three countries in fish and aquaculture production, and is also the biggest shrimp exporter in the world.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana UPSC NOTE
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana UPSC NOTE
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