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Toda Hut Community UPSC NOTE

  

Toda Hut Community

  • Toda people are a Dravidian ethnic group who live in the State of Tamil Nadu.

  • Before the 18th century and British colonisation, the Toda coexisted locally with other ethnic communities, including the Kota, Badaga and Kurumba. 

  • During the 20th century, the Toda population has hovered in the range 700 to 900. 

  • The study of their culture by anthropologists and linguists proved significant in developing the fields of social anthropology and ethnomusicology.

  • The Toda traditionally live in settlements called mund, consisting of three to seven small thatched houses, constructed in the shape of half-barrels and located across the slopes of the pasture, on which they keep domestic buffalo.

  • Their economy was pastoral, based on the buffalo, whose dairy products they traded with neighbouring peoples of the Nilgiri Hills. 

  • Toda religion features the sacred buffalo; consequently, rituals are performed for all dairy activities as well as for the ordination of dairymen-priests. 

  • The religious and funerary rites provide the social context in which complex poetic songs about the cult of the buffalo are composed and chanted.

  • Fraternal polyandry in traditional Toda society was fairly common; however, this practice has now been totally abandoned, as has female infanticide. 

  • The Toda lands are now a part of The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO-designated International Biosphere Reserve; their territory is declared UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • The Toda language is a member of the Dravidian family.

  • Linguists have classified Toda (along with its neighbour Kota) as a member of the southern subgroup of the historical family proto-South-Dravidian.

  • Registrar of Geographical Indication gave GI status for their unique embroidery, a practice which has been passed on to generations.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Toda Hut Community UPSC NOTE
Toda Hut Community UPSC NOTE
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