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China – Bhutan Relation UPSC NOTE

 Why are the talks this week significant?

  • The Boundary talks between Bhutan and China were held after a gap of seven years.

  • Bhutan and the Tibetan Autonomous Region share a contiguous border to Bhutan’s north and west. 

  • Since 1984, Bhutan and China had held 24 rounds of talks to resolve the disputes until 2016.

  • The 25th round appeared to have been held up after the Doklam Standoff between Indian and Chinese armies in 2017.

Why are the talks this week significant?

  • The two sides used the pause to hold talks, especially after China threatened to open a new front for a border dispute to Bhutan’s east. 

What is the 3-Step Roadmap?

  • The 3-Step roadmap MoU signed by the Bhutanese Foreign Minister and Chinese Assistant Foreign Minister in 2021.

  • 3 – step road established to implement the roadmap by the Expert Group in August are hoping to draw a line clearly delineating Bhutanese and Chinese territory for the first time. 

The 3-Step Roadmap involves,

  1. Agreeing to the border 

  2. Visiting the sites on the ground

  3. Formally demarcating the boundary.

Why is India watching closely?

  • India’s ties with China over the standoff at the LAC from 2020.

  • Any hint of closer ties between China and one of its closest neighbours is a cause for worry

  • New Delhi is watching the demarcation discussions over Doklam, as amongst the proposals China has placed.


  • The agreement to “swap” areas in Doklam under Bhutanese control with areas in Jakarlung and Pasamlung which China claims. 

  • The Doklam trijunction cuts very close to India’s Siliguri corridor.

  • India’s challenges with Chinese projects and funding in other neighbouring countries.

  • Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Maldives, any Chinese presence in a small country like Bhutan would be problematic



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: China – Bhutan Relation UPSC NOTE
China – Bhutan Relation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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