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Diabetes UPSC NOTE

 Prevalence of diabetes and obesity in India

  • A recent study says 11.4% of India’s population or 10.13 crore people are living with diabetes.

  • 15.3% of the population or an additional 13.6 crore people are pre-diabetic. 

  • It also found that 28.6% of the population would be considered to be obese as per the BMI measure.

  • According to the WHO, a major reason for this is the consumption of unhealthy ultra-processed foods and beverages.

  • which are aggressively marketed displacing traditional diets.

unhealthy ultra-processed foods and beverages

  • Scientific evidence shows that diets heavy with ultra-processed food and beverages or high in sugar, fat, and salt are risky and can lead to diabetes.

  • A 10% increase in the consumption of ultra-processed food a day is associated with a 15% higher risk of type-2 diabetes among adults.

  • Obesity and diabetes are key risk factors for heart disease and deaths.

  • A study showed that those who had more than four servings of ultra-processed food a day were much more at risk of cardiovascular mortality than those who took less than two servings a day.

How to regulate food industry. 

  • India is a playground for the food industry.

  • In last 20 years the sales of sugar – sweetened beverages fallen down in high income countries.

  • To compensate the loss of sales, MNCs focusing on low and middle income countries.

  • The only way the government can safeguard people from the manipulative strategies of the food industry

  • There should be a legal framework with a definition of healthy food.

  • The people must be informed of the risk of consuming such food.

  • The governments of South Africa, Norway, and Mexico have recently taken similar actions.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Diabetes UPSC NOTE
Diabetes UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/10/diabetes-upsc-note.html
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